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Lewis and Clark – American history

By |2017-08-13T17:28:54+00:00August 13th, 2017|History, North America|

Lewis and Clark In 1804 AD, the Sioux people received a visit from official representatives of the newly formed United States government. The visitors' names were Meriwether Lewis and William Clark. Both of them had already killed many Native Americans. Mostly they had killed Shawnee. They were fighting to take Shawnee land in the Appalachians. The Sioux didn't [...]

Chinook and malaria – American history

By |2017-08-12T17:47:19+00:00August 12th, 2017|History, Native American|

A Chinook woman Because the Chinook lived so far north and west, they didn't have any contact with European invaders in the 1500s or 1600s AD. So we don't know much about what the Chinook were doing during these two centuries. But in 1792, the Chinook who lived along the Pacific coast met the American sea captain Robert [...]

Chinook clothing – What did Chinook people wear?

By |2017-08-10T16:10:08+00:00August 10th, 2017|History|

Chinook head-shaping board (1860) Around 1500 AD, Chinook people, both men and women, wore leather leggings and long leather shirts. Women's shirts were longer than men's, and their sleeves were wider. In warm weather, people often wore less clothing, and in winter they often wrapped furs around them to keep warm. Like people in Africa, Chinook people also [...]

Native American creation myths

By |2018-04-12T08:53:19+00:00August 10th, 2017|Literature, Native American, Religion|

A cross-legged man from Spiro Mound (modern Oklahoma), 900-1450 AD Each group of people in North America had their own story about where the world came from and where they came from. Here are some examples: Pueblo creation myth Navajo creation myth Chinook creation myth Cherokee creation myth Inuit creation myth Nobody really knows whether [...]

Nez Perce history – Native Americans

By |2018-04-19T15:03:07+00:00August 9th, 2017|History, Native American|

Nez Perce pictograph carved into a rock The Nez Perce, who call themselves the Nimiipuu, meaning "The People", seem to have come down from Alaska to the Pacific Northwest about 10,000 BC, or even earlier. Some time later, maybe around 3000 BC, this group split off from the Chinook and other people, and moved further south and [...]

Mississippian period – Native Americans

By |2018-04-24T10:24:37+00:00August 9th, 2017|History, Native American|

Cahokia mound in Illinois, where a Mississippian city was After 800 AD the Mississippian culture developed all along the Mississippi and the Missouri valleys, replacing the earlier Woodland culture. Now many people lived in towns. They built temples and palaces on top of big earth mounds. They had wooden fortification walls around their towns, with [...]

Basket-making project

By |2018-04-07T17:05:34+00:00August 9th, 2017|Economy, Native American|

(University of Washington - cedar root basket) To make your own basket at home, you can buy already prepared reeds at any craft store, or pick long, flexible branches from willow trees, or use strips of construction paper or newspaper about 1/2 inch wide. Or experiment with any weeds! Whatever you choose, unless [...]

Chinook history – Native Americans

By |2018-04-19T15:03:14+00:00August 8th, 2017|History, Native American|

(University of Washington - cedar root basket) People have lived in the Pacific Northwest since the Paleo-Indian period, about 11,000 BC. They might even have arrived as early as 20,000 BC! Those first people were fishers. They may have been following the coastline, where the mussels and clams were. They also probably gathered lots of plants, berries, nuts [...]

Archaic North America – Native Americans

By |2018-08-28T12:58:01+00:00August 8th, 2017|History, Native American|

Archaic North America - the glaciers melted with the end of the Ice Age When did the Archaic period begin? After the Paleo-Indian period, beginning about 8000 BC, came the Archaic period. During the Early Archaic period, the Ice Age ended. The great glaciers that covered the northern part of North America gradually melted away. Hunters started [...]