black

Home » black

Races and racism – Skin color and history

By |2018-04-24T11:41:04+00:00August 16th, 2017|People, Science|

An Egyptian portrait of two brothers (Roman period, about 150 AD) Biologically, there is no such thing as race. Sure, people come in a lot of different skin and hair colors. But there is no sharp division between them, only a gradual blending. And the color of your skin and your hair doesn't [...]

African-Americans after slavery – Reconstruction

By |2018-11-27T16:07:43+00:00August 14th, 2017|History|

Reconstruction: A 13-year-old boy sharecropping (1937) The end of slavery: Reconstruction During the Civil War, in 1863 AD, President Lincoln announced the end of slavery. When the North won the war, in 1865, Congress and the states voted to change the Constitution to make slavery illegal. So all the people who were enslaved in the South became free. More about [...]

American government – the 1900s

By |2018-04-20T08:23:09+00:00August 12th, 2017|Government, North America|

Franklin Roosevelt The United States government got even more power during the 1900s. In 1913, the United States government got the right to collect income tax. With this new tax, the United States government got a lot more money, and it used that money to get more power over the states. During the Depression, in [...]

Constitutional amendments – United States

By |2017-08-11T22:22:52+00:00August 11th, 2017|Government, North America|

The United States Bill of Rights Over the years since the Bill of Rights in 1791, Americans have not changed their Constitution very much. It's pretty hard to do: you have to get two-thirds of the House and the Senate to agree, and then you have to get 3/4 of the state legislatures to agree too, usually [...]

What is sharecropping?

By |2017-08-10T23:21:14+00:00August 10th, 2017|Economy, North America|

Sharecroppers picking cotton. See the little girl and the bigger boy? (ca 1890) When people didn't own any land, or they lost their land because of not being able to pay back money or food they borrowed, they often became sharecroppers. This means that they would farm land that belonged to somebody else (usually a rich man, because [...]

Were ancient Egyptians black? Life in ancient Egypt

By |2017-06-18T00:26:24+00:00June 18th, 2017|Africa, Egypt, People|

Egyptian women spinning and weaving (Model from the Tomb of Meket-re in Luxor, 11th dynasty (ca. 2000 BC), now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo) Like other Africans, Egyptian people had dark skin to protect them from the African sun. They were further from the Equator than Central Africans, so their skin was lighter [...]

Were there slaves in ancient China?

By |2018-04-18T09:54:14+00:00June 6th, 2017|China, People|

An enslaved woman dancer from the Han Dynasty Some people in China were probably forced into slavery as long ago as the Stone Age. Probably slavery was a way to pay off the debts that farmers can't help falling into, or a punishment for stealing. By about 1000 BC in the Shang Dynasty, however, most [...]