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16 08, 2017

Races and racism – Skin color and history

By |2018-04-24T11:41:04-07:00August 16th, 2017|People, Science|0 Comments

An Egyptian portrait of two brothers (Roman period, about 150 AD) Biologically, there is no such thing as race. Sure, people come in a lot of different skin and hair colors. But there is no sharp division between them, only a gradual blending. And the color of your skin and your hair doesn't [...]

14 08, 2017

African-Americans after slavery – Reconstruction

By |2019-09-13T06:59:23-07:00August 14th, 2017|History|11 Comments

Reconstruction: A 13-year-old boy sharecropping (1937) The end of slavery: Reconstruction During the Civil War, in 1863 AD, President Lincoln announced the end of slavery. When the North won the war, in 1865, Congress and the states voted to change the Constitution to make slavery illegal. So all the people who were enslaved in the South became free. More about [...]

12 08, 2017

American government – the 1900s

By |2018-04-20T08:23:09-07:00August 12th, 2017|Government, North America|0 Comments

Franklin Roosevelt The United States government got even more power during the 1900s. In 1913, the United States government got the right to collect income tax. With this new tax, the United States government got a lot more money, and it used that money to get more power over the states. During the Depression, in [...]

11 08, 2017

Constitutional amendments – United States

By |2019-01-24T05:08:22-07:00August 11th, 2017|Government, North America|0 Comments

The United States Bill of Rights How do you change the Constitution? Over the years since the Bill of Rights in 1791, Americans have not changed their Constitution very much. It's pretty hard to do: you have to get two-thirds of the House and the Senate to agree, and then you have to get 3/4 of the [...]

10 08, 2017

What is sharecropping?

By |2019-09-14T06:45:51-07:00August 10th, 2017|North America|6 Comments

Sharecroppers picking cotton. See the little girl and the bigger boy? (ca 1890) How do people become sharecroppers? When people didn't own any land, or they lost their land because of not being able to pay back money or food they borrowed, they often became sharecroppers. How do people fall into debt? History of farming All our American [...]

18 06, 2017

Were ancient Egyptians black? Life in ancient Egypt

By |2017-06-18T00:26:24-07:00June 18th, 2017|Africa, Egypt, People|2 Comments

Egyptian women spinning and weaving (Model from the Tomb of Meket-re in Luxor, 11th dynasty (ca. 2000 BC), now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo) Like other Africans, Egyptian people had dark skin to protect them from the African sun. They were further from the Equator than Central Africans, so their skin was lighter [...]