Alexander the Great

Who was Aristotle? – Greek philosophy

By |2019-02-03T18:22:50-07:00July 12th, 2017|Greeks, Philosophy|

Who was Aristotle? An ancient Egyptian papyrus with a scrap of Aristotle's "Politics" Aristotle's family Aristotle's father was Nicomachus, a doctor who lived near Macedon, in the north of Greece. Ancient Greek doctors More Greek philosophy All our Ancient Greece articles His mother Phaestis was from Euboea. She probably worked from home. So, [...]

Greek history – Ancient Greece

By |2018-04-23T07:11:04-07:00July 7th, 2017|Greeks, History|

Satellite view of Greece Greece is near West Asia, and at the edge of Europe. Being outsiders, though, has given people who live there more freedom to experiment with new ideas and new ways of doing things, to combine old ideas in new ways. A lot of new ideas - like organized troops of [...]

Hellenistic Greece – Greek history

By |2018-04-23T06:49:28-07:00July 7th, 2017|Greeks, History|

Hellenistic Greece: Alexander fights Darius at Issus (mosaic from Pompeii) Socrates and Plato After the Peloponnesian War was over, all the cities of Greece were worn out and poor. Many men went and fought for the Persians for money. But others tried to rebuild the cities. This was the time of Socrates and [...]

Alexander the Great dies in Babylon

By |2019-01-22T10:18:40-07:00July 7th, 2017|Greeks, History|

Alexander the Great: Gedrosia Desert Alexander in India When Alexander reached the end of the old Persian Empire, he turned back. He did not go further east into India. Who was Alexander of Macedon? Alexander and the Silk Road All our Ancient Greece articles Historians who were there say that this is because [...]

Alexander the Great and the Silk Road

By |2019-01-22T05:41:36-07:00July 7th, 2017|Central Asia, Greeks, History|

Alexander in the east: Darius' palace at Persepolis Alexander reaches Afghanistan When Alexander finished conquering Persia (modern Iran), he burned Darius' great palace at Persepolis: only ruins are left today. Then he marched further east with his army up into the mountains of Bactria (modern Afghanistan). Who was Alexander of Macedon? The Persian [...]

Who was Alexander of Macedon?

By |2019-01-12T12:39:26-07:00July 7th, 2017|Greeks, History|

Where was Macedon? When Alexander, the oldest son of Philip, King of Macedon, was born in 356 BC, the greatest empire in the world was the Persian Empire. More about Philip What was the Persian Empire? All our Ancient Greece articles The great Persian conqueror Cyrus had conquered lots of smaller countries to put together [...]

Thebes – a city in ancient Greece

By |2017-07-07T01:09:59-07:00July 7th, 2017|Government, Greeks, History|

Thebes bell in the shape of a person, 700 BC (Louvre Museum, Paris) In Greek mythology, Thebes was where Oedipus lived with his mother-wife Jocasta. It was where Oedipus' daughter Antigone died, and where Dionysos drove Pentheus mad. In Thebes, Niobe boasted about her children, and Medea killed her children. The Athenians (who we get [...]

The end of Sparta – Ancient Greece

By |2018-04-22T22:48:09-07:00July 7th, 2017|Government, Greeks, History|

The end of Sparta: a Spartan hoplite soldier Peloponnesian War In 441 BC, the Spartans decided that the Athenians were pushing everybody around too much, and they got an alliance of other city-states together (mainly Corinth) and attacked Athens to break up Athenian power. This is known as the Peloponnesian War, because Sparta [...]

Hellenistic and Roman government in Greece

By |2018-04-22T22:55:19-07:00July 6th, 2017|Government, Greeks, History|

Hellenistic government: Philip of Macedon In the 300s BC, Philip of Macedon conquered Greece. He ruled all of Greece as the king. (In theory Philip was only leading a league of Greek city-states, the first among equals. But really he acted like a king). Athens and other Greek city-states still kept their local democracies or oligarchies for local [...]

Hellenistic Athens – Athens and Alexander the Great

By |2017-07-06T22:52:31-07:00July 6th, 2017|Government, Greeks, History|

Veiled dancer (now in the Metropolitan Museum) Athenian democracy was badly shaken by the Peloponnesian War, which started in 441 BC. As the Athenians began to lose the war to the Spartans, some people, including men like Socrates and Plato, thought they should abandon the democracy and go back to an oligarchy. Alcibiades, [...]