African-Americans

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History of Valentine’s Day – American holidays

By | 2018-04-24T10:38:17+00:00 August 14th, 2017|North America, Religion|

A Valentine from Charles, duke of Orleans, to his wife in 1415 AD The Roman Lupercalia The earliest holiday that might conceivably have something to do with Valentine's Day is the Roman Lupercalia. And the fashion for people singing Valentines verses to each other may have started earlier in the Middle Ages. Chaucer and [...]

Sojourner Truth – African-American freedom

By | 2018-04-07T17:05:48+00:00 August 14th, 2017|History, North America|

Sojourner Truth Sojourner Truth didn't know where her people came from, because she was born into slavery. But it was probably West Africa or the Congo. She may have been part Native American. Sojourner Truth was born Isabella Baumfree in New York State, in 1797, just after the Revolutionary War. She had about ten brothers and sisters; they [...]

What was it like to be enslaved? American history

By | 2018-04-07T17:05:48+00:00 August 14th, 2017|History|

Inside a slave cabin When you got to the plantation (a big farm) after the slave auction, someone would tell you which cabin to sleep in. You shared that cabin with a lot of other people. Enslaved African-Americans picking cotton. See the little girl? During the day you worked in the fields, planting [...]

African-American slavery – American history

By | 2018-04-24T11:04:40+00:00 August 14th, 2017|Africa, North America, People|

Slave fort in Ghana Although other people, both white and Native American, have been held as slaves in North America, the experience of the African people who were forced to come to North America as slaves was more unusual, because more than half of the people living in slave states were slaves. Most of the people who became [...]

African-Americans after slavery – Reconstruction

By | 2018-04-24T11:02:45+00:00 August 14th, 2017|History|

Reconstruction: A 13-year-old boy sharecropping (1937) The end of slavery: Reconstruction During the Civil War, in 1863 AD, President Lincoln announced the end of slavery. When the North won the war, in 1865, Congress and the states voted to change the Constitution to make slavery illegal. So all the people who were enslaved in the South became free. Some people [...]

Tom Sawyer project – Mark Twain

By | 2017-08-14T10:51:03+00:00 August 14th, 2017|Literature, North America|

Tom Sawyer (1876) The first time you read Tom Sawyer, you'll want to just read it fast all the way through, because it's an exciting story. The second time, slow down and think about just what Mark Twain is telling you about the world. Try this: make a list of ten times that a grown-up tells [...]

Stowe – American poetry project

By | 2018-04-24T10:41:40+00:00 August 14th, 2017|Literature, North America|

Harriet Beecher Stowe Arrival in the Land of Freedom (1853) LOOK on the travellers kneeling, In thankful gladness, here, As the boat that brought them o'er the lake, Goes steaming from the pier. 'Tis Harry, like a girl disguised, His mother, like a boy, But the father kneels beside them, And their hearts [...]

American revolutionary war – American history

By | 2017-11-24T00:16:11+00:00 August 14th, 2017|History, North America|

English soldiers search a settler's house (1770s) In 1763 AD England won the French and Indian War against France (which had been fought mainly in North America), and so the English-speaking settlers on the East Coast could stop worrying that they were about to be taken over by France. To pay for that war, the English government began to [...]

The United States expands – American history

By | 2018-04-18T09:53:59+00:00 August 13th, 2017|History, North America|

What Europeans were claiming In 1803, the French emperor Napoleon needed money to rebuild France's army after the French Revolution. So he agreed to sell France's land in North America to the newly formed United States. We call this the Louisiana Purchase, but the French sold much more than just the modern state of Louisiana. The land they [...]

United States Civil War – American History

By | 2018-04-19T11:29:03+00:00 August 12th, 2017|History, North America|

Men and women and kids working as slaves in Alabama (1861) In the 1850s AD, cotton-growing was getting more and more important. And white people in the southern part of the United States were getting more and more angry with rich people who lived in the North. One reason was that these northern rich people were [...]