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Creation: God creates the Sun and the Moon, in a medieval European painting

God creates the Sun and the Moon, in a medieval European painting

Many of the Jewish people in West Asia believed that at the beginning of time God created order out of Chaos. This is what is written in the beginning of the Bible, in the book called Genesis. Jewish ideas about the beginning of the world are similar to Sumerian beliefs. This is not surprising, because, at least according to the Bible, in these very early times the Jews lived in the Persian Gulf area (modern Iraq) with the Sumerians.

The Bible says that God created the world in seven days.

On the first day, God created the Heavens and the Earth: that is, He separated the light from the darkness (compare Zoroastrianism) .

On the second day, God separated the sky from the earth.(compare the Greek version)

On the third day, God divided the water from the land, and made the plants and the trees and flowers .

Then on the fourth day, God created the sun and the stars.

On the fifth day, God created animals, and fish and birds and snakes.

On the sixth day, God created man, and (possibly a little later) woman.

And on the seventh day He rested (this is why some Jews rest on Saturdays).

More about Adam and Eve
More about Cain and Abel

Bibliography and further reading about the history of Judaism:


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