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Where did Passover come from? Jewish holidays

By |2017-08-24T14:32:07+00:00August 24th, 2017|Religion, West Asia|

Handmade Matzoh In its earliest beginnings, which could go back to the Stone Age, Passover was a Jewish spring festival. It celebrated the first barley harvest after the winter. All winter there had not really been enough to eat. Now in March or so there was finally some fresh new barley bread to eat! People were [...]

Creation and the Jewish Bible

By |2017-08-23T21:56:08+00:00August 23rd, 2017|Religion, West Asia|

God creates the Sun and the Moon, in a medieval European painting Many of the Jewish people in West Asia believed that at the beginning of time God created order out of Chaos. This is what is written in the beginning of the Bible, in the book called Genesis. Jewish ideas about the beginning of the [...]

History of Easter – Christian holidays

By |2018-04-09T23:07:33+00:00August 21st, 2017|Religion, West Asia|

Wheat and barley on the Warka Vase (Sumeria, ca. 3200-3000 BC) When people moved out of Africa further north to West Asia and then to Europe, about 60,000 BC, they began to live in a world with changing seasons, where it was hard to find fresh food in the wintertime. People would get pretty hungry in the last part [...]

Saturn – Planets – Astronomy

By |2018-05-31T11:49:18+00:00August 19th, 2017|Physics|

Saturn, as seen from space After Jupiter, Saturn is the next farthest planet out from our Sun. In some ways, Saturn is a lot like Jupiter - it's very cold, and it's mostly made of an ocean of hydrogen molecules, with some helium and a little bit of other things. Like Jupiter and the other planets around our Sun, Saturn [...]

The Moon – Astronomy – Physics

By |2018-05-31T11:49:27+00:00August 19th, 2017|Physics|

Earth's moon (about 239,000 miles from Earth) (That's almost ten times as far as going all the way around the Earth) Nobody knows exactly how the moon formed, but this is one possibility. After the planet Earth formed (along with the other planets), about four and a half billion years ago, during the Hadean Eon, there were [...]

Eclipse of the sun – Astronomy

By |2018-05-31T11:49:27+00:00August 18th, 2017|Physics|

Eclipse of the sun, showing the corona An eclipse of the sun happens whenever the moon gets between the Earth and the sun, so that the moon blocks your view of the sun. Depending on where you are standing on the Earth, you might see the sun completely blocked (as in these pictures) or only partly blocked, or [...]

Eclipse of the Moon – Space science

By |2018-05-31T11:49:25+00:00August 18th, 2017|Physics|

An eclipse of the moon. You can see the curved shadow of the Earth. An eclipse of the moon happens when the Earth gets between the sun and the moon, so the light from the sun can't get to the moon to be reflected towards the Earth. In other words, the shadow of the Earth covers the whole moon. Eclipse [...]

How old is the Earth? – Astronomy

By |2018-05-31T11:49:20+00:00August 18th, 2017|Physics|

Earth from space Like Mercury and Venus and the other planets that go around the Sun, the Earth probably formed a little more than four and a half billion years ago. (That's about 4,600,000,000 years ago.) Like the other planets, Earth is made of molecules that were floating around in space. They made a nebula cloud of dust that was the leftovers when our [...]