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Mary Wollstonecraft – European philosophy

By |2019-04-27T19:54:01-07:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Mary Wollstonecraft - European philosophy Who was Mary Wollstonecraft? Mary Wollstonecraft was the most famous woman among the Enlightenment philosophers of the 1700s AD. Damaris Masham Mary Astell Enlightenment philosophy All our modern Europe articles What did Wollstonecraft say? Like Damaris Masham and Mary Astell in the 1600s, Wollstonecraft mainly argued that men should not prevent women from getting [...]

Voltaire – European philosopher

By |2018-04-09T23:07:35-07:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Voltaire - a French philosopher Voltaire took ideas about religion, science, and human rights that were just getting started in the 1700s AD, and encouraged new ways of thinking about them. His ideas paved the way for the American Revolutionary War and the French Revolution, though he died just before the French Revolution. Voltaire was [...]

Jean-Paul Sartre – European philosophy

By |2018-04-08T11:14:29-07:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Jean-Paul Sartre - a French philosopher After World War I, many people in Europe felt that the old world had ended and a new world was beginning. Jean-Paul Sartre grew up at the beginning of that new world. Sartre's father died of a fever when Sartre was two years old, and his mother [...]

Jean-Jacques Rousseau – European philosophy

By |2018-04-08T11:14:29-07:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Jean-Jacques Rousseau, a European philosopher Rousseau was born in 1712 AD into a Protestant family living in Geneva, and his mother died of an infection she caught while he was being born. Like the earlier philosopher Astell, Jean-Jacques Rousseau's family was not rich, and like her Rousseau didn't get to go to school much. At 13 his uncle [...]

Damaris Masham – European philosophy

By |2018-04-08T11:14:29-07:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Damaris Masham's house, Oates, in England Damaris Masham's dad was a philosopher, and when she grew up her boyfriend, John Locke, was also a philosopher. So it's not surprising that she was a philosopher too. Masham got married when she was 26, to Francis Masham, who owned a big farm near London in England. He [...]

Karl Marx – European philosophy

By |2019-04-03T11:32:08-07:00August 7th, 2017|Economy, Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Karl Marx, a European philosopher and economist How did Hegel inspire Marx? The famous German philosopher Hegel died when Karl Marx was 13 years old. Marx must have heard a lot about Hegel when he was in school in Germany. Hegel's ideas about a dialectic or conversation between opposites which led to a sort of [...]

Niccolo Machiavelli – The Prince – Florence

By |2018-04-08T11:14:28-07:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Niccolo Machiavelli Around 1500 AD, Machiavelli was working for the government in the city-state of Florence. Florence was smack in the middle of the Renaissance, which meant that everybody in Florence was thinking and talking about how cool ancient Rome was. After the Medicis tortured him and pushed him out of power in 1513, Machiavelli began writing books [...]

John Locke – European philosophy

By |2018-04-08T11:14:28-07:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

John Locke John Locke was an English philosopher in the late 1600s AD. He was just starting his career at the height of the Enlightenment, when Hobbes was an old man. Locke's mother and father were both Puritans; his mother ran the household while his father worked as a lawyer. Locke went to college at Oxford, though he [...]

Immanuel Kant – European philosophy

By |2018-04-11T18:23:26-07:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Immanuel Kant, a European philosopher Immanuel Kant's family and childhood By the end of the 1700s AD, Germany was beginning to be a more powerful country. France was busy with the Revolution, and the next important European philosopher after Rousseau came from Germany: Immanuel Kant. Unlike earlier philosophers, Kant never traveled more than ten miles from his home in [...]

Thomas Hobbes – European philosophy

By |2018-04-23T09:44:15-07:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Thomas Hobbes, a European philosopher Thomas Hobbes (yes, he's the one that Calvin named his tiger after) lived in England, about fifty years after Calvin and about the same time as Descartes. While Hobbes' sister was kept at home, as a man Hobbes got to go to college at Oxford and read Thucydides, Aristotle, and other ancient authors. After [...]