Joshua and Jericho – Bible stories

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Stone walls from ancient Jericho

Stone walls from ancient Jericho

Here’s another Bible story, telling what happened after Moses led the Jews out of Egypt. In this story, the Jews finally arrived back in Israel and Canaan, around 1200 BC. But they found that there were people living all over it! These people were the Canaanites (KAY-nan-eye-ts). So the Canaanites said, “Hey, there was nobody living here when we got here, what do you mean this is your land? God told you to live here? He’s not MY God, so what do I care?” (This is how the Bible tells the story; click here for another version.)

Joshua's troops blowing their trumpets outside the walls of Jericho (from the doors of the Baptistery in Florence, 1400s AD)

Joshua’s troops blowing their trumpets outside the walls of Jericho (from the doors of the Baptistery in Florence, 1400s AD)

Well, the Jews believed God did want them to live in Israel. So they began fighting the Canaanites for the land. By this time Moses was dead, and, according to the Bible, the main leader of the Jews was Joshua. Joshua was a good general. The Jews won many battles against the Canaanites, including a famous battle at the city of Jericho.

According to the battle, God told Joshua to carry the Ark around the great stone walls of Jericho and blow trumpets. That would knock down the walls to let the Jews in. (There’s a song about it that goes “Joshua fought the battle of Jericho and the walls came a-tumbling down.”).


Mahalia Jackson sings the song about Jericho

When Joshua finally took the city of Jericho, he had every single person in the city killed with swords, even children and old people, and even the cows and donkeys and sheep (Joshua 6:20-21). Soon the Jews had gotten enough of the Canaanites and other people out of Israel (or killed them) and they settled down there to live in peace.

Over the next hundred years or so, after the death of Joshua, the Canaanites and the Jews kept on fighting, off and on. The Bible tells the stories of these fights in the stories of the women Deborah and Jael, and Gideon.

Learn by doing: compare Jericho to the Trojan Horse or the Athenians on Melos
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Bibliography and further reading about the history of Judaism:

  

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By | 2017-08-24T09:17:53+00:00 August 24th, 2017|Religion, West Asia|0 Comments
Cite this page: Carr, K.E. Joshua and Jericho – Bible stories. Quatr.us Study Guides, August 24, 2017. Web. December 13, 2017.

About the Author:

Karen Carr

Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram, Pinterest, or Twitter, or buy her book, Vandals to Visigoths.

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