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Khitan – History of Central Asia

By |2018-12-19T11:28:58-07:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History|

Khitan history - a Khitan woman, ca. 1000 AD (Musee Guimet, Paris) Who are the Khitan? The Khitan are part of the big group of Turkic and Altaic language speakers from Central Asia who gradually got more and more power during the Middle Ages. All our Central Asia articles Where did the Khitan [...]

Turks and Timur – Central Asian History

By |2018-04-18T09:53:21-07:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History|

The Mongol court (1200s AD) Starting around 300 AD the Indo-Europeans in Central Asia began to lose ground to the Altaic people. The Altaic people divided into the Mongols and the Turks. One mixed group of Mongols and Turks, the Rouran, formed an empire north and west of China (modern Mongolia and Uzbekistan). Their [...]

Who were the Gokturks? Central Asian History

By |2018-03-21T13:58:10-07:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History|

A Gokturk coin, about 576-600 AD (Kyrgyzstan museum) (compare to Sassanian and Byzantine coins of the same time) About 550 AD, Bumin Qaghan and his sons, with the help of the Chinese Wei kingdom, conquered the Rouran and took over as the main rulers of Central Asia. Today, historians call Bumin Qaghan's people [...]

Uzbeks – Uzbekistan and Central Asian History

By |2017-05-31T00:28:32-07:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History|

Uzbek ruler in his yurt (1509, probably at Samarkand) After the collapse of the Mongol Tamerlane's empire in the 1400s AD, many smaller states replaced the one big empire of the Middle Ages. One of the most powerful was the Uzbek empire of Bukhara, north of the Caspian Sea. The Uzbeks were Turkic [...]

Later Uighurs – Central Asian History

By |2019-01-16T14:44:19-07:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History|

Important to Uighur history: Yakub Beg Uighurs become independent After the collapse of the Mongol Empire about 1600 AD, the Uighurs regained their independence. Earlier Uighurs Who were the Mongols? All our Central Asia articles The Uighurs convert to Islam The Uighurs kept on living in the eastern part of Central Asia. (That [...]