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What did Manichaeans believe? – Christianity

By | 2017-08-22T13:35:09+00:00 August 22nd, 2017|Religion, West Asia|

Manichaean painting (Turfan, western China, ca. 900s AD) In the 300s and 400s AD many Christians turned to believing in Manichaeism, a form of Christianity. A man named Mani started this movement in the late 200s AD. Mani lived in the Sassanian Empire, where lots of people were Zoroastrians. So Zoroastrianism influenced Mani's thinking a lot. Manichaeans believed [...]

Mongols invade India – history of India

By | 2017-07-20T14:57:20+00:00 July 20th, 2017|History, India|

Mongke Khan Starting in the 400s AD, Turkic and Mongol people had been expanding out of the northern part of Central Asia. They spread all over Europe and Asia. The Huns came first, then the Avars, the Ghaznavids, and the Seljuks. About 1000 AD, the Turkish Ghaznavids invaded northern India from what is now Afghanistan. India was so rich that the Ghaznavids [...]

End of T’ang Dynasty China – Uighurs and Buddhists

By | 2017-06-06T17:36:12+00:00 June 6th, 2017|China, History|

Emperor Wuzong Hsuan Tsung's son, the T'ang Emperor Suzong, asked a neighboring power, the Uighur Empire, to help him crush An Lu-shan's rebellion, and by 757 AD, thanks to the Uighur army, Suzong was able to get An Lu-shan assassinated. Still there was more civil war until 763 AD. These wars wrecked China [...]

Empress Wu – T’ang Dynasty China – History

By | 2017-06-06T17:16:28+00:00 June 6th, 2017|China, History|

Empress Wu of the T'ang Dynasty Wu Chao was one of T'ai Tsung's girlfriends. After he died, she became his son's girlfriend too! His name was Gaozong. She used Gaozong's love for her to get rid of all his other girlfriends (some she had killed) and eventually he married her, so she became [...]

Ming Dynasty China – Chinese History

By | 2017-10-17T13:30:49+00:00 June 6th, 2017|China, History|

Hung-Wu Emperor (National Palace Museum, Taipei) After the Hungwu Emperor threw the Mongols out in 1368 AD, he established the Ming Dynasty. But the Hungwu Emperor's power was still pretty weak after the Mongol invasion. He only ruled China from the Great Wall to the east of Tibet - smaller borders than modern [...]

Empress Cixi – Qing Dynasty China (the 1800s)

By | 2017-06-04T14:53:34+00:00 June 4th, 2017|China, History|

Empress Dowager Cixi When the Xianfeng Emperor of the Qing Dynasty in China died in 1861 AD, his only son was only five years old. People called him the Tongzhi Emperor, but Tongzhi's mother, the Empress Cixi, who was 27 years old, was really the ruler. Just as with the Mughals in India [...]

Epic of Manas – Central Asian stories

By | 2017-05-31T22:33:53+00:00 May 31st, 2017|History|

Uighur princesses (Bezelik Cave) Possibly some time in the Middle Ages, Kyrgyz people began telling the story of Manas, his son Semetei, and his grandson Seitek. In the first part of the Epic of Manas, Manas grows up and becomes Khan. He gets married to the Uighur princess Kanikei, and leads his people [...]

Uighurs – Medieval Central Asia

By | 2017-05-31T17:37:10+00:00 May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History|

Uighur princesses (Bezelik Cave) When the Turkic Gokturk Empire in Central Asia collapsed in 742 AD, the Uighurs got their independence. Their king, or Khan, Qutlugh Bilge Kol, set up his own smaller empire in what is now Mongolia and Western China, controlling the eastern end of the Silk Road. Qutlugh Bilge Kol's [...]

Sogdians in China – History of Central Asia

By | 2017-05-31T17:22:37+00:00 May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History|

Sogdian traders in China about 550 AD (Musee Guimet) Even after the fall of the Han Dynasty, the Sogdians still controlled Silk Road trade between West Asia and China. By the 300s AD the Sogdians seem to have been the main traders not only between China and West Asia, but also between China and [...]

Genghis Khan and the Mongols – Central Asia

By | 2017-10-14T14:49:20+00:00 May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History, Where|

Genghis Khan By 1200 AD, the Mongol and Turkic people of Central Asia had pretty much finished pushing the Indo-Europeans out of power in Central Asia and West Asia, and had taken over ruling the whole area. About 1180 AD the Mongols elected a new king, Genghis Khan (Khan means king), who was [...]