taxes

/Tag: taxes

Quakers – Society of Friends – Religion

By |2017-08-14T23:37:27-07:00August 14th, 2017|Modern Europe, North America, Religion|

A Quaker wedding (1800s in England) In 1648 AD, some people in England felt unhappy with the way Puritan Christians were praying to God. So they started to do things their own way. One early Quaker was a man named George Fox. But generally the Quakers (who call themselves the Friends) had no leaders, priests, or ministers. [...]

American revolutionary war – American history

By |2019-01-24T05:29:15-07:00August 14th, 2017|History, North America|

American revolution: English soldiers search a settler's house (1770s) Why did the Americans revolt? In 1763 AD England won the French and Indian War against France (which had been fought mainly in North America), and so the English-speaking settlers on the East Coast could stop worrying that they were about to be taken over by France. Algonquin [...]

Medieval people – Life in medieval Europe

By |2018-04-24T11:23:07-07:00August 4th, 2017|Medieval, People|

Madonna and child (Donatello) The way people thought about each other in the Middle Ages, everyone was involved in complicated systems of relationships with each other. The first relationships people had were with their own families. In medieval European families, most kids lived with their father and mother and brothers and sisters. Because people died [...]

Third Crusade – Medieval history

By |2018-04-11T09:09:27-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Saladin (Salah al-din) When the Mamluk general Imad-ed-din Zangi died, he was succeeded by his son Nureddin, who added Damascus to the land his father had gathered together. And after Nureddin died in 1174 AD, a strong Kurdish general named Salah al-din (called Saladin in the West) took over. Salah al-din soon conquered Egypt from the Fatimids, and then he was [...]

What is the Magna Carta?

By |2018-04-24T08:12:11-07:00August 1st, 2017|Government, History, Medieval|

The Magna Carta Since the time of Edward the Confessor in the 1000s AD, the kings of England had been getting more and more powerful. That was pretty much okay as long as the kings were good kings, like William the Conqueror or Henry II. But when King Richard died in 1199, his younger brother John became king, and John was [...]

Medieval economy – Europe

By |2018-04-24T08:21:22-07:00August 1st, 2017|Economy, Medieval|

Medieval economy: A carpenter works in his shop. Collapse of trade After the fall of Rome, people in Europe used money less than they had before. Instead they mostly lived on what they could produce themselves. Rich people lived on what they could make other people give them because they were landlords or landladies. Money and silk [...]

Nara period – Early medieval Japan

By |2018-04-18T09:53:55-07:00July 27th, 2017|History, Japan|

Model of the Empress Genmei's imperial audience hall at Heijo, Nara Empress Genmei moved the capital of Japan to the new planned city of Nara in 710 AD. She wanted the move to help get more power into her own hands and out of the hands of other powerful Japanese families. Genmei succeeded in stopping [...]

Medieval Islamic government

By |2017-07-23T17:38:00-07:00July 23rd, 2017|Africa, Government, Islam, West Asia|

The Umayyad caliph Muawiya From the beginning, the Islamic Empire was a monarchy like the Roman Empire or the Sassanian Empire before it. One man ruled the Islamic Empire.  In the beginning, people called this man a caliph (KAY-liff), and his assistant was a vizier (vizz-EER). Those were Arabic words for leaders and their assistants. Under them were governors for each province of [...]

Ancient Indian government

By |2018-10-19T14:02:35-07:00July 20th, 2017|Government, India|

Indian government: Sanchi Stupa Northern Gateway (ca. 50 BC) Early Indian government Nobody knows what Indian government was like in the Harappan period. Probably they had a king over each city, the way West Asia did at this time. Probably they had some queens, the way Egypt did. Who were the Harappans? All our India articles The caste system [...]

Dark Age Greece – History of Greece

By |2019-07-17T12:20:22-07:00July 7th, 2017|Greeks, History|

Submycenaean octopus jar from Dark Age Greece Dark Age isolation and poverty After most of the Mycenaean palaces were destroyed around 1200 BC, nobody rebuilt them. The only palace we know of which was not destroyed was the one at Athens. But even Athens seems to have had a hard time for the [...]