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al Nafis – Discoveries of Islamic scientists

By |2017-07-27T08:02:08-07:00July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|

Illustration in Ibn al Nafis Ibn al Nafis was born in Syria in the early 1200s AD, just as the power of the Seljuks was collapsing. He studied medicine in Damascus (in Syria) at first, but then moved to Cairo, in Mamluk Egypt, to work with the best doctors of his time (and maybe to escape the Mongol [...]

History of Indian medicine

By |2018-09-27T12:21:49-07:00July 22nd, 2017|India, Science|

Indian medicine: the Atharva Veda manuscript: an Indian medical book Early Indian medicine Medicine got an early start in India. Even in the Stone Age, about 5000 BC, dentists at Mehrgahr were drilling people's teeth. They tried to fix people's cavities. That's in the Indus River Valley (now in Pakistan). Where is Mehrgahr? History of medicine The [...]

Science and Math in ancient India

By |2018-11-30T07:51:48-07:00July 22nd, 2017|India, Science|

Ancient Indian science: Mohenjo Daro (ca. 2000 BC) From the time of the Harappans to the time of the Islamic conquests, Indian scientists and mathematicians were leaders. Ancient Indian science especially stood out in mathematics and engineering. Invention of zero History of steel Ancient India articles Harappan science and math in India The Harappans in 2500 BC had a sewage system at their [...]

Ancient Greek medicine and doctors

By |2018-10-17T20:41:47-07:00July 18th, 2017|Greeks, Science|

Greek medicine: Sacrificing a sheep to Asclepius Getting sick in ancient Greece Disease was a very serious problem for the Greeks, as for all other people in the ancient and medieval worlds. One out of three babies died before they were a year old. Half of all children died before they were ten. And even [...]

History of Chinese Medicine

By |2018-09-12T20:51:58-07:00June 7th, 2017|China, Science|

Chinese medicine: a Chinese village doctor treating a man by burning herbs on his back (Song Dynasty, ca. 950 AD., now in National Palace Museum, Taiwan) What's the earliest Chinese medical book? Doctors wrote the earliest known Chinese medical writing, The Recipes for Fifty-Two Ailments, about 186 BC, around the beginning of the [...]

Sewing, wheels, and steel – Central Asian science

By |2018-09-20T06:17:32-07:00June 1st, 2017|Central Asia, Science|

Central Asian science: A clay pot with a drawing of a wheeled cart from what is now Poland, about 3500 BC What was invented in Central Asia? Many of the world's most useful inventions come from Central Asia: sewing, leather, cart wheels and spinning wheels, burning coal. And then also the compound and [...]