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Venice – Early Medieval Italy

By |2018-04-16T10:32:29+00:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

St. Mark's Cathedral in Venice, Italy (about 1100 AD) During the fall of the Roman Empire, in the 400s AD, people who lived along the north-east coast of Italy didn't feel safe. Central Asian people like the Huns and Germanic people like the Ostrogoths were invading over and over again. Some people abandoned their homes and moved to wetlands and [...]

Medieval Hungary – Magyars

By |2018-09-18T05:39:16+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Medieval Hungary: Stephen, the first Christian King of Hungary ca. 1000 AD The Magyars invade Hungary When the invading Magyars conquered land in Eastern Europe from the Slavs about 900 AD, and started the country of Hungary, they didn't stop there. Wait, who were the Slavs? The Magyars fight their way across Europe The Magyars immediately started [...]

Early Middle Ages – Dark Age Europe

By |2017-08-02T16:40:06+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Interior of Hagia Sophia The Early Middle Ages comes after the fall of Rome, about 400 AD. But all the way through the Early Middle Ages, European people still thought of themselves as living in the Roman Empire and being Romans. Even armies who had invaded by force thought they were Romans. Even armies who [...]

Vikings – Early Medieval Scandinavia

By |2018-04-24T08:19:15+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

A Viking ship. Viking trade took the Vikings all over the world.  Who were the Vikings? The Vikings were Indo-European people from Scandinavia (modern Denmark, Norway and Sweden). Around the 400s AD the Vikings started to make frequent raids by boat into Europe. They even went into the Mediterranean Sea and raided Sicily and southern Italy. The Vikings started to attack the Atlantic coast [...]

The Slavs – Early Slavic History – Where did the Slavs come from?

By |2018-04-16T14:01:09+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Early Slavic history: Where did the Slavs come from? A Slavic furnace from Novae, in Bulgaria (300s AD) - maybe a pottery kiln? The Slavs were Indo-Europeans The Slavs, who spoke a branch of Indo-European, first moved to Europe from West Asia around 2000 BC, about the same time as the Greeks moved to Greece. Many Slavs settled in [...]

Early Medieval Russia

By |2017-08-02T14:45:48+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Ukrainian landscape In 500 BC, we might have called the people living in Russia Scythians. But then between about 300 and 800 AD, a lot of people passed through Russia. Most of them were moving from Central Asia towards Europe, from east to west. One after another, the Ostrogoths, the Avars, the Huns, and the Magyars all passed through Russia. But all [...]

Magyars – Early Medieval Hungary

By |2017-08-02T14:17:41+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Ural mountains In the Early Middle Ages, Turkic and Mongol people in Central Asia were moving westward, pushing out Indo-European people - and other people - who had been living there. The Magyars, who were probably distant cousins of the Turkic people, had been living in the Ural Mountains. But the Gokturks and other Turkic people like the Khazars pushed [...]

Huns – Central Asian history

By |2018-04-18T09:53:58+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

A drawing of a Hunnic plaque The Huns probably came from western China, where they were known as the Xiong-nu. They were part of the group of Turkic people (some of whom later became the Ottomans) who gradually took over most of Asia and eastern Europe during the Middle Ages. The Huns may have lived in northern China [...]

Who was Charlemagne? Early Middle Ages

By |2018-06-18T12:57:00+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Who was Charlemagne? This is Charlemagne, or possibly his grandson (now in the Louvre Museum) What's Charlemagne's real name? Charlemagne's name is really Charles le Magne, or Charles the Great. In German they call him Karl der Grosse, which also means Charles the Great. How did Charlemagne get into power? Charlemagne's father, Pippin, left Charlemagne his [...]