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Who was Archimedes? Eureka!

By |2019-02-01T06:23:28-07:00July 18th, 2017|History|

Archimedes was from Syracuse, Sicily. Here you see it with Mount Etna in the background When did Archimedes live? Archimedes was born about 287 BC, so he was a little younger than Euclid. Archimedes' father was an astronomer, so he grew up knowing a lot about science and math. Who was Euclid? Greek astronomy History [...]

Plato and forms – Greek philosophy

By |2018-04-23T09:41:27-07:00July 12th, 2017|Greeks, Philosophy|

Plato's forms: Two men sacrifice a pig on an altar, preparing to eat the pork. Athens, 400s BC Plato's forms We've already seen that Plato said that chairs have forms. But if chairs have ideal forms, then so do people. The ideal form of a man is his soul, according to Plato. The [...]

Sicilian expedition – Peloponnesian War

By |2017-07-09T01:19:34-07:00July 9th, 2017|Greeks, History|

Alcibiades (from a later portrait done after he was dead) The Peloponnesian war was not going so well for Athens. So the Athenians decided to try a really dramatic, aggressive move. A young Athenian general named Alcibiades (al-se-BUY-a-dees) had a plan. He convinced the Athenian Assembly to send almost the entire Athenian army [...]

Who was Alcibiades? Classical Greece

By |2019-01-21T14:04:57-07:00July 7th, 2017|Greeks, History|

The Athenian general Alcibiades (from a later portrait done after he was dead) Alcibiades - the backstory Alcibiades was born in Athens around 450 BC. His mother was an Alcmaeonid. He was from one of the richest families in Athens, and he grew up with the best of everything. After his father was [...]

Greek architraves and columns

By |2019-02-01T06:46:36-07:00June 30th, 2017|Architecture, Greeks|

A Greek architrave: the stones running along the tops of the columns. This is the Temple of Hera - Agrigento, Sicily (ca. 450 BC) Greek temples on platforms Greek architects wanted to make the temples look more impressive. They started to build temples on top of small stone platforms with steps going up [...]

Archaic Greece – Stone temples

By |2017-06-30T15:05:48-07:00June 30th, 2017|Architecture, Greeks|

Temple of Herakles, Agrigento, Sicily In early Archaic Greek temples, the columns and the roof were made of wood. To keep the wood from rotting, Greek builders put a flat stone under each column. And to help the columns support the weight of the roof, they put a block of wood at the top of [...]