Richelieu

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Iroquois history: the Revolutionary War

By |2018-04-24T10:20:26+00:00August 13th, 2017|History|

Iroquois history: Trade beads made in Venice in the 1600s and traded in North America Iroquois trade for beads and knives When the first European traders came to the north Atlantic coast, about 1600 AD, the Iroquois were very interested in trading with them. People sold the Dutch traders lots and lots of beaver furs to make hats with, and [...]

Algonquin tribe during European colonization

By |2018-04-09T15:49:40+00:00August 12th, 2017|History, Native American|

People of the Algonquin tribe in the 1700s AD Algonquin people sold beaver furs to European traders When European traders began to buy huge amounts of North American furs to sell in Europe and China, Algonquin hunters began to trap and hunt lots of animals, especially beaver, to get their fur to sell to the European traders. The [...]

René Descartes – European philosophy

By |2018-04-11T18:19:13+00:00August 6th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

René Descartes was one of the earliest philosophers of the European Enlightenment, in the early 1600s AD. He was just 8 years younger than Hobbes. While Descartes was growing up, Henry IV was killed, Marie de Medici ruled, and then Richelieu. Descartes' mother died in childbirth when he was a baby. As a Catholic, Descartes went to Jesuit school. [...]

Early Modern France – Henry IV

By |2018-10-30T04:34:08+00:00August 5th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Henry IV of France Henry IV of France In 1589 AD, Catherine de Medici died in France, and her last son, Henry III, was killed a few months later. Henry III had no sons, and after a short civil war his 36 year old cousin, Henry IV, became the next king of France. Henry IV [...]

Cromwell and Early Modern Britain

By |2018-10-29T20:39:48+00:00August 5th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

James I of England James I of England When Queen Elizabeth died in 1603 AD, she left England in very good shape. Because Elizabeth had no children, she left power to her nephew James I, the son of her sister Queen Mary. More about Queen Elizabeth European history articles James I was 37 years old. He [...]

Austria-Hungary in the 1600s

By |2018-04-08T11:14:18+00:00August 5th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Ferdinand (1556) Charles V made his brother Ferdinand the ruler of Austria-Hungary in 1556 AD. But when Ferdinand died in 1564, he divided Austria-Hungary among his three sons. Each of those three little countries was pretty weak, and they were always fighting each other. So during the years when Elizabeth was making England into a strong [...]

Anne of Austria, Queen of France

By |2018-09-24T06:18:07+00:00August 4th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Anne of Austria Anne of Austria rules France Cardinal Richelieu died in 1642 AD and Louis XIII died the next year, in 1643. Louis' wife, Anne of Austria, ruled after him as regent for her four year old son, Louis XIV. Who was Richelieu? What is a regent? European history articles Anne's minister Mazarin Anne was in [...]

Thirty Years’ War – Wars of religion

By |2018-04-08T11:14:17+00:00August 4th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Protestants throw Catholic officials out the window (Prague, 1618 AD) In the late 1500s AD, the Holy Roman Emperors were too weak to hold their empire together as one country. Instead, the Holy Roman Empire was divided into many little tiny countries. Some of these countries were Catholic. Some of them were Protestant. In 1618 [...]