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9 09, 2017

Who were the Mapuche? South American history

By |2019-04-01T08:49:16-07:00September 9th, 2017|History|0 Comments

Changos whale hunt, El Madano, ca. 1000 AD When did people first reach Chile? There were probably people living in Chile (a narrow strip of land in South America between the Andes Mountains and the Pacific Ocean) by around 12,000 BC. They came south with their dogs along the coast of South America, either walking or in [...]

7 09, 2017

History of gold and gold mining

By |2019-07-08T15:52:19-07:00September 7th, 2017|Economy|0 Comments

History of gold - a bust of the Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamon When did people first use gold? People have been using gold to make jewelry since the Stone Age. You can find it just lying in little lumps in streams here and there. And gold is always pretty and yellow, even when it is just lying [...]

25 07, 2017

Marinids – Medieval African history

By |2018-04-23T15:28:43-07:00July 25th, 2017|History, Islam|0 Comments

Shirij Madrasa, Fez, Morocco, about 1350 AD By 1217 AD, the Almohad dynasty was collapsing. One of the generals, Abu Yusuf, took over control of Morocco and made himself Sultan. That started the Marinid dynasty. All the Marinid rulers were army men like Abu Yusef,. They were mostly cavalry riders. A tour of Fez The Marinids made [...]

23 07, 2017

Medieval Islamic economy – The Silk Road

By |2017-07-23T16:24:26-07:00July 23rd, 2017|Economy, Islam|0 Comments

Turkomen on the Silk Road with camels Just like under Persian or Sassanian rule, the economy of West Asia during the Islamic period depended very heavily on trade. The Silk Road ran right across the Islamic Empire. It reached east from China, to Tajikistan, to Uzbekistan, to Iran, to Iraq and Syria. Then it ran west to Lebanon, to the Byzantine Empire, and across the Mediterranean to Italy. Arab [...]

19 07, 2017

Deccan kingdoms in India

By |2019-05-02T14:01:21-07:00July 19th, 2017|History, India|0 Comments

Deccan kingdoms: Krishna Deva Raya (possibly), ca. 1500 AD India when Europeans arrived In 1498 AD, when Vasco da Gama first sailed to Calicut in south India, most of South India was part of the Vijayanagara Empire, which was very strong and still growing fast. Vijayanagara Empire Vasco da Gama All our India articles The Deccan Sultanates [...]

19 07, 2017

Spices and cotton: Mughal Indian economy

By |2019-08-07T10:58:30-07:00July 19th, 2017|Economy, India|0 Comments

Japanese painting of Portuguese bringing Indian cargo to Japan (1500s AD) - the Mughal Indian Economy Trade under the Mughals Under the Mughal Empire, India continued to make a lot of money by trading. Trading ships carried things back and forth. They went west to East Africa and West Asia. And they went east to South-East Asia [...]

8 06, 2017

Pearl Diving – History of Pearls

By |2018-04-08T11:21:51-07:00June 8th, 2017|Clothing|1 Comment

A pearl inside an oyster Very early in human history, maybe around 100,000 years ago, many people lived along the coasts of Africa and lived mainly on seafood - seaweed, fish, clams, mussels, and oysters. This gave people a very easy, reliable (and delicious) food source. A mother-of-pearl necklace from Ancient Egypt(ca. [...]

6 06, 2017

Ming Dynasty China – Chinese History

By |2018-04-18T17:10:34-07:00June 6th, 2017|China, History|0 Comments

Hung-Wu Emperor (National Palace Museum, Taipei) After the Hungwu Emperor threw the Mongols out in 1368 AD, he established the Ming Dynasty. But the Hungwu Emperor's power was still pretty weak after the Mongol invasion. He only ruled China from the Great Wall to the east of Tibet - smaller borders than modern [...]

4 06, 2017

Food in Qing Dynasty China

By |2019-03-27T18:52:34-07:00June 4th, 2017|China, Food|0 Comments

Qing Dynasty Chinese food: Chinese sweet potato noodles New traders come to China In 1506 AD, the first Portuguese sailing ships - led by Columbus' cousin - reached China, and then more and more European ships came. These European ships brought (among other things) many new foods to China. So Qing Dynasty Chinese [...]