Pompeii

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Jupiter – Roman god – Roman religion

By |2018-04-16T23:51:47+00:00September 4th, 2017|Religion, Romans|

Jupiter (fresco from the House of the Dioscuri, Pompeii, ca. 79 AD) Jupiter was the chief of the gods for the Romans, the way Zeus was for the Greeks and Thor was for the Germans. In fact, they must have all originally been the same Indo-European sky god. Jupiter and Zeus really have the same name - Jupiter comes from Ju-pater, [...]

Pliny the Younger and his Letters – Roman history

By |2017-09-04T08:27:09+00:00September 4th, 2017|History, Literature, Romans|

Forum of Pompeii Pliny the Younger was the nephew of Pliny the Elder. He was a teenager visiting his uncle near Pompeii when his uncle died in the eruption. Pliny the Younger, however, did not die. He left us the only eye-witness account of what the eruption was like. But Pliny also went on to become a [...]

Pliny the Elder – Roman literature and Pompeii

By |2018-04-25T10:21:05+00:00September 3rd, 2017|History, Literature, Romans|

Mt. Vesuvius Pliny the Elder was a very rich man from one of the most important families in the Roman Empire. He lived during the end of the Julio-Claudians and into the Flavian period, and he died in 79 AD. Unlike other people in his family, Pliny was not very interested in politics. He became an admiral [...]

Roman wall painting – Ancient Rome

By |2018-04-25T08:58:15+00:00August 31st, 2017|Art, Romans|

First Style Roman wall painting (now in the Louvre) There was also a lot of wall painting to decorate the walls of houses during this time. The wall painting of the first century AD is sometimes divided into four different styles, mainly because of the many different styles of wall painting that were found at [...]

The Roman forum – Roman architecture

By |2018-05-14T13:48:03+00:00August 26th, 2017|Architecture, Romans|

Basilica Julia, Rome - in the Roman forum What was a Roman forum? At the center of most Roman cities was a big open space called the Forum. People met there to do business, to sell things and buy things, to see their friends, to find out about the news, and even to go [...]

Roman amphitheaters – ancient Rome

By |2018-04-24T23:27:05+00:00August 25th, 2017|Architecture, Romans|

The Colosseum - the Flavian Amphitheater - in Rome, Italy. Built in the 70s AD by the emperor Vespasian Most people have heard of the Colosseum in Rome, but there were many other amphitheaters all over the Roman Empire. The first gladiatorial fights, in Etruscan times, were held anywhere that there was a flat place near a hill, so [...]

What is lost wax casting? History of Art

By |2018-04-14T12:41:56+00:00May 25th, 2017|Art, What|

A Samnite man cutting the bronze pins off a newly poured lost wax statue. This is the only ancient image of lost wax casting; it's from Pompeii, about 400 BC. Just a little while after bronze was invented, around 2500 BC, the Sumerians began to make bronze jars and bronze cups using lost-wax [...]