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Medieval African food – what did people eat?

By |2018-02-22T12:32:54+00:00October 2nd, 2017|Africa, Food|

Medieval African food: an olive orchard in Tunisia The Romans grow olive oil in North Africa The foods people ate in Africa didn't just stay the same. Instead, they changed slowly over time. Around 800 BC, with the arrival of Greek and Phoenician invaders, the people of North Africa began to plant olive orchards and produce olive oil. They ate a [...]

Roman food – rich and poor

By |2018-04-25T09:05:47+00:00September 1st, 2017|Food, Romans|

Roti bread made with millet Romans ate a lot of fish Although the first people who came to the Mediterranean were probably following along the coast, and ate mainly fish, shellfish, seaweed, and wild figs, by the time the Roman Republic got started, there were far too many people in the Mediterranean to be able to live entirely from [...]

Mediterranean Food in the Roman Empire

By |2018-04-19T22:46:14+00:00September 1st, 2017|Food, Romans|

Woman baking bread Poor people who lived near the Mediterranean Sea had to eat food that would grow in very dry areas, with light and not very fertile soil. Mostly they ate what archaeologists call the "Mediterranean triad" or three things: wheat and barley (made into beer or porridge or flatbread or soup), olive oil (soaked into the bread, or on vegetables), [...]

What is Hanukkah? – Jewish holidays

By |2017-08-24T00:17:17+00:00August 24th, 2017|Religion, West Asia|

Canaanite amphora, for olive oil or wine (Bronze Age, about 1300 BC) Like all other farming communities, Jewish people celebrated harvest festivals when important crops were safely harvested and stored. One of these harvest festivals was Passover, in March or April, when the first of the spring barley was ripe. Another was Sukkot, in October, celebrating the fruit harvest. Hanukkah, [...]

Ancient Greek food – History of Food – Ancient Greece

By |2018-04-22T18:46:32+00:00July 6th, 2017|Food, Greeks|

Ancient Greek food - Platter with fish (Metropolitan Museum of Art) Sacrifice and Greek food Food, for people in Ancient Greece, was what separated people from animals, and from the gods. Gods didn't need to eat, and people did. Animals ate their food raw, but people cooked their food and were civilized. Civilized [...]

Greek economy in the classical period

By |2018-04-22T11:55:28+00:00July 6th, 2017|Economy, Greeks|

Classical Greek economy: Sailors rowing trading ships (Athens ca. 550 BC) Greek mercenary soldiers The trends of the Archaic period in Greece continued into the Classical period, about 500-400 BC, with both trade and fighting big contributors to the classical Greek economy. Greek mercenary soldiers fought for the Egyptians, who were trying to [...]