Odysseus

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16 07, 2017

The Greek underworld – Hades

By |2019-06-06T18:53:19-07:00July 16th, 2017|Greeks, Religion|1 Comment

Hades and Persephone in the Greek underworld What happened when you died? Greek people didn't like to talk about what happened to you after you died. So we don't know as much about what they thought as we might like. Egyptian afterlife Zoroastrianism Probably they did not think about life after death as [...]

16 07, 2017

Trojan Horse Story – Greek mythology

By |2019-09-13T06:48:40-07:00July 16th, 2017|Greeks|13 Comments

Earliest picture of the Trojan Horse story, on a  Greek vase ca. 670 BC The end of the Trojan War After the events of the Iliad and the death of Hector, the Trojan War still wasn't over. Neither the Greeks nor the Trojans seemed to be able to win, until one of the Greek kings, Odysseus of [...]

12 07, 2017

What is arete? Virtue in Greek philosophy – Definition of arete

By |2018-01-01T18:30:43-07:00July 12th, 2017|Greeks, Philosophy|1 Comment

Arete in action: Penelope and her slave watch Odysseus kill the suitors Definition of arete: In ancient Greece, arete meant "goodness" or "excellence". It's related to araomai, to pray, and to aristos, meaning "the best." That's where the word "aristocracy" comes from. Aristocracy is the rule of the best people. So you needed arete [...]

10 07, 2017

Odyssey – Homer – Summary

By |2018-04-23T08:56:36-07:00July 10th, 2017|Greeks, Literature|0 Comments

Odysseus and his men put out the eye of the Cyclops, Polyphemos (ca. 660 BC) Homer wrote the Odyssey The Greek poet Homer wrote down the Odyssey around 700 BC, although the story itself is probably much older. It is the story of King Odysseus' return from the Trojan War to his kingdom [...]

9 07, 2017

Athena in Homer’s Odyssey

By |2018-04-23T08:41:50-07:00July 9th, 2017|Greeks, Literature, Religion|0 Comments

Athena in the Odyssey: Odysseus and Athena, on a red-figure vase Athena in the Odyssey In the Iliad and the Odyssey, Athena was on the side of the Greeks, because she hated the Trojans. Athena hated the Trojans because Paris was a Trojan and he had voted against her in the Judgment of [...]

23 06, 2017

When did people learn to swim?

By |2018-04-20T22:35:36-07:00June 23rd, 2017|Games|0 Comments

African swimming (Gilf Kebir cave, Libya, ca. 8000 BC) Many animals can swim. Probably people have always been able to swim too. The very earliest human people lived along the seacoast in Africa, and gathered shells from the ocean, so they would have needed to swim. Certainly by 8000 BC African people were [...]