Odysseus

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The Greek underworld – Hades

By |2018-04-23T09:49:50+00:00July 16th, 2017|Greeks, Religion|

Hades and Persephone in the underworld Greek people didn't like to talk about what happened to you after you died. So we don't know as much about what they thought as we might like. Probably they did not think about life after death as much as later people like the Christians and the Buddhists did, or [...]

Trojan Horse Story – Greek mythology

By |2017-12-27T12:09:25+00:00July 16th, 2017|Greeks, Literature|

Earliest picture of the Trojan Horse story, on a  Greek vase ca. 670 BC The end of the Trojan War After the events of the Iliad and the death of Hector, the Trojan War still wasn't over. Neither the Greeks nor the Trojans seemed to be able to win, until one of the Greek kings, Odysseus of [...]

What is arete? Virtue in Greek philosophy – Definition of arete

By |2018-01-01T18:30:43+00:00July 12th, 2017|Greeks, Philosophy|

Arete in action: Penelope and her slave watch Odysseus kill the suitors Definition of arete: In ancient Greece, arete meant "goodness" or "excellence". It's related to araomai, to pray, and to aristos, meaning "the best." That's where the word "aristocracy" comes from. Aristocracy is the rule of the best people. So you needed arete [...]

Athena in Homer’s Odyssey

By |2018-04-23T08:41:50+00:00July 9th, 2017|Greeks, Literature, Religion|

Athena in the Odyssey: Odysseus and Athena, on a red-figure vase Athena in the Odyssey In the Iliad and the Odyssey, Athena was on the side of the Greeks, because she hated the Trojans. Athena hated the Trojans because Paris was a Trojan and he had voted against her in the Judgment of [...]