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Ute get horses – American history

By |2017-08-14T09:57:14+00:00August 14th, 2017|History|

Utes riding horses in the 1800s AD During the 1500s AD, the Utes had not yet seen any European invaders. They were still living in Utah and Colorado the way they had been living before. In the 1630s, a few Spanish explorers came to Ute territory and so people saw white men for the first [...]

Navajo Long Walk – American history

By |2017-08-13T22:46:08+00:00August 13th, 2017|History|

Navajo people on the Long Walk In 1804, more and more Spanish people lived in New Mexico. So the Spanish government decided to stop the Navajo raiding. The Spanish army attacked the Navajo. The Spanish killed many people with their new powerful rifles (guns). But in 1823, Mexico became independent of Spain. The new [...]

The Navajo get sheep – American history

By |2017-08-13T22:25:08+00:00August 13th, 2017|History, Native American|

Navajo with sheep Navajo people moved south into the south-west part of North America from their home in Canada about 1400 AD. So when the Spanish invaders came in the 1500s, the Navajo (Dine is what they call themselves) were themselves pretty new to the area. When the Navajo arrived, they had been nomads, who lived [...]

The Apache get horses – American history

By |2018-10-02T06:16:03+00:00August 12th, 2017|History, Native American|

The Apache get horses: an Apache rock painting, ca. 1800 AD Who were the Apache? Like their Navajo cousins, the Apache people were Athabascan. They moved south into the south-west part of North America from their home in Canada about 1400 AD. So when the Spanish invaders came in the 1500s, the Apache hadn't been in the Southwest [...]

American government after the Civil War

By |2017-08-12T07:44:44+00:00August 12th, 2017|Government, North America|

J. Rainey, first black congressman After the Civil War, in 1865, the United States changed its Constitution to make slavery illegal. For a few years, black people were able to vote. Black men served in Congress. But soon northern people lost interest in helping the black people. Racist white people forced the black people to stop voting [...]

Navajo houses – American architecture

By |2017-08-10T15:25:24+00:00August 10th, 2017|Architecture, Native American, North America|

Can you see the sheepskins? How about the television? (1973) When people met the first Spanish explorers in the 1500s AD, most Navajo people were living in hogans. By trading with the Spanish settlers in the 1500s and 1600s AD, Navajo people were able to improve their hogans. First people got sheep from the Spanish settlers, and [...]

Native American creation myths

By |2018-04-12T08:53:19+00:00August 10th, 2017|Literature, Native American, Religion|

A cross-legged man from Spiro Mound (modern Oklahoma), 900-1450 AD Each group of people in North America had their own story about where the world came from and where they came from. Here are some examples: Pueblo creation myth Navajo creation myth Chinook creation myth Cherokee creation myth Inuit creation myth Nobody really knows whether [...]

Pueblo history – Anasazi – Native Americans

By |2018-04-24T10:27:55+00:00August 9th, 2017|History, North America|

Anasazi (Pueblo) pit house Anasazi people Pueblo people (sometimes called the Anasazi) started to build mud-brick houses for themselves in the south-west part of North America (modern Colorado, northern Arizona, and New Mexico) about 100 BC, during the Middle Woodland period (the time of the Han dynasty in China, and the Roman republic in Europe). At this point archaeologists call [...]

Navajo history – Dine – Native Americans

By |2018-04-07T17:05:37+00:00August 9th, 2017|History, Native American|

A Navajo dog today After the ancestors of most Native Americans crossed the Bering Land Bridge, about 12,000 BC, they split up and settled in different parts of North America. The Navajo started out as part of the Athabascans or Dene. Like other Athabascans, they settled in west-central Canada (modern Alberta or Saskatchewan). Sometime around 1300 or [...]

Mississippian period – Native Americans

By |2018-04-24T10:24:37+00:00August 9th, 2017|History, Native American|

Cahokia mound in Illinois, where a Mississippian city was After 800 AD the Mississippian culture developed all along the Mississippi and the Missouri valleys, replacing the earlier Woodland culture. Now many people lived in towns. They built temples and palaces on top of big earth mounds. They had wooden fortification walls around their towns, with [...]