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Slavery in ancient Rome

By |2018-04-25T10:26:05+00:00September 4th, 2017|People, Romans|

A Roman shepherd, probably a slave (Istanbul, 500s AD) Many Roman people were owned by other people, or by the Roman government, as slaves. Because the Romans didn't really have hourly wage work, or salaried work, as we do now, men and women who didn't own their own land and didn't own businesses of their own were often enslaved. [...]

The Apache get horses – American history

By |2018-10-02T06:16:03+00:00August 12th, 2017|History, Native American|

The Apache get horses: an Apache rock painting, ca. 1800 AD Who were the Apache? Like their Navajo cousins, the Apache people were Athabascan. They moved south into the south-west part of North America from their home in Canada about 1400 AD. So when the Spanish invaders came in the 1500s, the Apache hadn't been in the Southwest [...]

History of Coal – Central Asian science

By |2018-09-27T06:43:01+00:00June 1st, 2017|Central Asia, Science|

History of coal: These are lumps of coal What is coal made of? Most of the coal on Earth formed during the Carboniferous Period about 350 million years ago, when giant ferns growing in wetlands were flooded and buried under a blanket of mud before they could rot. What happened in the Carboniferous [...]