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Early medieval world history timeline: 400-800 AD

By | 2017-10-14T14:55:51+00:00 September 10th, 2017|History, Islam, When|

Dome of the Rock mosque, Jerusalem (600s AD) In the Early Middle Ages, many empires around the world collapsed into smaller countries. Thanks partly to the Huns invading, the western half of the Roman Empire collapsed into the smaller countries of the Visigoths, the Vandals, the Ostrogoths, the Lombards, the Avars, and the Merovingians. In England, this is the time of the (legendary) King [...]

Iron Age timeline – 1000 to 500 BC

By | 2017-09-10T18:11:31+00:00 September 10th, 2017|West Asia|

Zhou Dynasty swimmers (Sichuan bronze vessel, ca. 750 BC) All across Asia, the early Iron Age started out as a time of many small kingdoms and city-states. In China, the Zhou Dynasty ruled loosely over a lot of small kingdoms. India was also divided into many small kingdoms. In West Asia, there were also small kingdoms like Lydia, Phoenicia and Israel (this is the time [...]

Maya gods and rituals – Central American religion

By | 2017-09-10T13:09:15+00:00 September 10th, 2017|Central America, Religion|

Maya pyramid at Tonina (ca. 700 AD) Maya people believed that the world was created by One Deer. One Deer created the mother and father of the gods (like Brahma and Gayatri or Gaia and Kronos). Then the mother and father created many other gods. They created the gods of the crops like the Corn God, the god [...]

Central and South American religion

By | 2017-09-10T10:53:07+00:00 September 10th, 2017|Central America, Religion, South America|

Maya Corn King on a plate The people who lived in South and Central America before 1500 were polytheistic - they believed in many different gods. Because they lived pretty near one another, and ate many of the same foods, some of their gods were pretty much the same. The Mayan Corn God, for example, [...]

Mayan Corn God – Central American religion

By | 2017-09-10T10:38:34+00:00 September 10th, 2017|Central America, Religion|

Maya pyramid to the Corn God at Tonina (ca. 700 AD) Because corn (maize) was Mayan people's main food, their most important god was the Corn God. A popular Mayan story was the story of the Maize Mountain - click here to read the story. More about Mayan religion More about the Maya people Bibliography and [...]

Aztec language, writing, and literature

By | 2017-09-09T23:39:39+00:00 September 9th, 2017|Central America, Literature|

An Aztec book, or codex (ca 1500 AD) The Aztec system of writing was very much like the Maya system. Probably the Aztec people learned how to write from the Maya. Aztec writers wrote their literature in books, which folded like a fan. We call these books codices (one codex, two or more codices). Aztec writers [...]

Who were the Zapotec? Central American history

By | 2017-09-09T18:05:48+00:00 September 9th, 2017|Central America, History|

A Zapotec head The Zapotec civilization, like the Maya, grew up in the region that had been ruled by the Olmec, after the collapse of Olmec power about 500 BC. The main city of the Zapotec kings was Monte Alban (in modern Mexico). The Zapotec developed their own hieroglyphic writing system, possibly building on earlier Olmec [...]

Who were the Olmec? Central American history

By | 2017-09-09T17:56:29+00:00 September 9th, 2017|Central America, History|

Olmec clay statue ca. 1100-500 BC The earliest state government in North or South America was the Olmec. They formed their state about 1200 BC. This is about the time of the Mycenaean kingdoms in Greece, or the Third Intermediate Period in Egypt, or the Assyrians in West Asia. So the Olmec aren't the first state in the world, but they were [...]

Who were the Maya? Central American history

By | 2017-09-09T16:57:55+00:00 September 9th, 2017|Central America, History|

Maya royal palace at Palenque, Chiapas, Mexico (600s-700s AD) When the Olmec rulers began to lose control of their country about 600 BC, new leaders came forward and took over ruling in Central America (modern Guatemala). These were the Maya. Archaeologists divide Maya history into four time periods, the Pre-Classic, the Classic, and the Post-Classic. The [...]

Who were the Aztec? Central American history

By | 2017-10-14T14:53:29+00:00 September 8th, 2017|Central America, Where|

Aztec brazier (about 1300 AD) Beginning in the 1100s AD, the Medieval Warming Period seems to have made it too hard to live where the Mexica were in North America. So the Mexica people moved south to what is now Mexico. The Mexica were relatives of the Shoshone and Ute people who lived in the Rocky Mountains. After some moving around [...]