Leonardo da Vinci

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Renaissance Science in Europe

By |2017-08-07T21:36:38+00:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Science|

Copernicus, a Renaissance astronomer Starting in the 1200s AD, as Europe got richer, great universities got started there. In the later Middle Ages, West Asia and India suffered from the Mongol invasions. West Asian people were too poor to send their children to the old university at Baghdad. In the 1300s, the Black Death killed so many people in Egypt that the old university at Cairo also didn't have [...]

Raphael – Biography – Renaissance art

By |2018-04-23T09:44:15+00:00August 4th, 2017|Art, Modern Europe|

Raphael's early selfie as a teenager Raphael, Titian, Michelangelo, and Leonardo da Vinci were the four greatest painters of the Renaissance in Italy. Raphael was born in 1483, when Michelangelo was eight years old and Leonardo was already grown up; Titian was a little younger. With their new Chinese compasses, the first European ships were just beginning to sail south to Congo and Angola. Columbus reached the Caribbean when Raphael was nine [...]

Michelangelo – Renaissance art

By |2018-04-21T13:20:49+00:00August 4th, 2017|Art, Modern Europe|

The artist Michelangelo's David Not long after Leonardo da Vinci started working, in 1475 AD, a new artist was born in northern Italy. His name was Michelangelo. Michelangelo's family said they were descended from the powerful Matilda of Canossa, but Michelangelo's father was a banker in Florence. He also owned a small marble quarry, where the small [...]

Leonardo da Vinci Biography – Science and Art

By |2018-09-05T14:17:10+00:00August 4th, 2017|Art, Modern Europe|

Leonardo da Vinci, artist and scientist - a self-portrait Leonardo was home-schooled Leonardo da Vinci was born near Florence, in Italy, in 1452 AD. His father was a clerk, and his parents weren't married. Until he was five, Leonardo lived with his mother. Then he moved to his father's house, where he was home-schooled in Latin and math. What [...]

Renaissance Art History – Painting

By |2018-04-11T09:23:50+00:00August 4th, 2017|Art, Modern Europe|

Leonardo da Vinci, Mary and Jesus (ca. 1501 AD) Europeans got richer in the later Middle Ages thanks to the wool trade. More and more rich Europeans wanted to buy paintings. So more and more artists, like Leonardo da Vinci, were able to make a living by painting. In the 1500s, Europeans forced Islamic, African, and Indian traders to hand [...]

Late medieval Florence – the Medici

By |2018-04-10T22:50:25+00:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Lorenzo de' Medici In the early 1400s AD, a few rich families ruled the city-state of Florence in northern Italy. With the Holy Roman Empire very weak, these families ran Florence as an independent country. But most people in Florence had lost the political power they used to have, and they were angry about it. The Medici family, who owned a successful bank, [...]

Perugino – medieval Italian painter

By |2017-08-01T08:03:49+00:00August 1st, 2017|History|

Perugino's selfie Perugino means "a man from Perugia," and that's where Perugino grew up, in Perugia in northern Italy. It was just at the end of the Middle Ages. Perugino was about the same age as Leonardo da Vinci. The two teenagers probably were apprentices in the same painter's workshop in Florence. But by the time Perugino [...]

What is fresco painting? History of Art

By |2018-04-21T15:09:35+00:00May 25th, 2017|Art, History|

Fresco painting from Thera, Greece (about 1600 BC) Fresco is the Italian word for "fresh", and that's because painters do fresco painting on fresh, wet plaster walls. That way the colors really sink in to the plaster, and you get a glowing kind of color that is very different from what you would get [...]