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West Asian people – families, schools, slavery

By |2018-04-13T01:45:11+00:00September 15th, 2017|People, West Asia|

West Asian people: Ur-Nanshe, the king's chief musician in Mari, 2400s BC Oppression of women What we notice most about the way people lived in West Asia is the widespread oppression of women. As compared to their neighbors in Sudan, Egypt, Central Asia, the Roman Empire, or even India, West Asian women were [...]

World history timeline: from Jesus to 400 AD

By |2017-10-14T14:56:41+00:00September 10th, 2017|History, Romans, When|

Roman amphitheater (El Jem, Tunisia) The great empires formed during the last years before Christ continued peacefully through much of this period. In India, the Mauryan Empire collapsed. There was a period of smaller kingdoms. But by 319 AD northern India reunited under the Guptan Empire. In China, the Han Dynasty lasted until 220 AD, but then fell apart [...]

Roman sacrifice – animals and incense – Roman religion

By |2018-04-09T10:31:19+00:00September 4th, 2017|Religion, Romans|

Sacrificing a cow, a sheep, and a pig in the Late Republic Probably around the time people began farming their food and raising tame animals for their meat, which in Italy was about 5000 BC, people also began to sacrifice animals to their gods. This was the same thing people did in West Asia - including the Zoroastrians and the Jews - and in Greece at the [...]

What is a rabbi? Judaism – Religion

By |2018-09-10T09:58:12+00:00August 24th, 2017|Religion, West Asia|

The rabbi Maimonides, in a later medieval painting What does "rabbi" mean? Rabbi means "great one" in Hebrew, or "respected one". It's a Hebrew word related to the Arabic word rabb, meaning "lord." Saying "Rabbi" showed respect, like calling someone "Sir". More about the Hebrew language When did the word "rabbi" get started? In [...]

What is the Trinity? Christianity – Religion

By |2018-04-09T23:07:28+00:00August 23rd, 2017|Religion, Romans|

Father, Son, and Holy Ghost (Perugino, about 1482 in Rome) Christian people all believed that there was one God. But many people thought God existed in three forms: God the Father, Jesus the Son, and the Holy Ghost who moves between them. In Perugino's painting you can see John the Baptist baptizing Jesus while God looks down from Heaven. The [...]

Historical Jesus outside the Bible – History of Christianity

By |2018-01-16T08:30:49+00:00August 22nd, 2017|Religion, Romans|

Historical Jesus: One of the earliest drawings of Jesus - here he is healing a man who was paralyzed. Now he gets up and carries his own bed. (Dura Europos, Syria, ca. 232 AD) Historical sources Nobody knows whether anybody wrote anything about Jesus during his lifetime. If they did, we don't have it anymore. [...]

All about Jesus – History of Christianity

By |2017-08-22T12:22:21+00:00August 22nd, 2017|Religion, Romans|

The birth of Jesus - a Nativity scene from a Roman sarcophagus, 300s AD. Arles, France Everything we know about the life of Jesus comes from the Bible. Jesus' name is not mentioned in any other source written during his lifetime. No book written within the lifetimes of people who might have known [...]

History of Easter – Christian holidays

By |2018-04-09T23:07:33+00:00August 21st, 2017|Religion, West Asia|

Wheat and barley on the Warka Vase (Sumeria, ca. 3200-3000 BC) When people moved out of Africa further north to West Asia and then to Europe, about 60,000 BC, they began to live in a world with changing seasons, where it was hard to find fresh food in the wintertime. People would get pretty hungry in the last part [...]

What is Christian communion? History of religion

By |2017-08-21T18:22:28+00:00August 21st, 2017|Religion, Romans|

Maybe our earliest image of the Last Supper - from the Catacombs of Domitilla, 100s AD At the Last Supper, Jesus gave his disciples bread and wine. Then shortly after he was crucified, he appeared to Peter and again gave him bread and wine. Jesus told Peter that whenever he ate bread during the Mass, it would turn into the [...]