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Coca leaves – South American medicine

By |2018-05-30T00:00:28+00:00September 10th, 2017|Science, South America|

History of coca leaves: Coca farming in the Andes Mountains When did coca plants evolve? Like potatoes, tomatoes, and tobacco, coca plants grow wild in the Andes Mountains of South America. They probably evolved around the same time as the other flowering plants, around 120 million years ago, in the Cretaceous Period. (More about the Cretaceous period) Coca plants [...]

Who were the Mapuche? South American history

By |2018-04-28T01:07:06+00:00September 9th, 2017|History|

Changos whale hunt, El Madano, ca. 1000 AD There were probably people living in Chile (a narrow strip of land in South America between the Andes Mountains and the Pacific Ocean) by around 12,000 BC. They came south with their dogs along the coast of South America, either walking or in small boats. Like most other people in South [...]

Who were the Guarani? South American history

By |2018-04-25T23:01:01+00:00September 9th, 2017|History, South America|

Guarani people performing a dance in the 1800s When the first Tupi people expanded their territory from Central America to reach the coast of Brazil about 900 BC, some of them kept on moving south along the Atlantic coast. About a thousand years later, maybe about 1 AD, some of those Tupi people moved inland. They abandoned [...]

Brazil’s early history – South America

By |2018-09-07T08:54:52+00:00September 8th, 2017|History, South America|

Venus of Santarem (Brazil, ca. 1400-1000 BC) When did people get to Brazil? The first people probably arrived on the Atlantic coast of South America about 15,000 BC. Probably a second wave of people followed them around 11,000 BC. More about people reaching the Americas How did they get there? The first people to reach Brazil [...]

The Iroquois longhouse – Native American architecture

By |2018-04-07T17:05:24+00:00August 7th, 2017|Architecture, Native American|

Iroquois longhouse - where Iroquois people lived What is an Iroquois longhouse? Most people who lived in the Iroquois nation lived in longhouses. An Iroquois longhouse is just what it sounds like, a long house, built of thin bendable wood, with branches woven in and out of the joists. On the outside, people used slabs [...]