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Visit Italy with kids! Sights to see

By |2018-04-25T10:19:37-07:00September 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval, Romans|

Leaning Tower of Pisa Visiting Italy with kids is a blast, because many Italians are very friendly to other people's children and everyone will always be talking to your kids, helping you out, making them laugh, and generally helping you have a good time. Don't be too suspicious - relax and enjoy the [...]

Late medieval Italy – Guelfs and Ghibellines

By |2019-04-09T07:03:13-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Constance of Sicily (late 1100s AD) North Italy's republics All through the later middle ages, Northern Italy was still divided into lots of small independent city-states. The most important city-states were Milan, Florence, Genoa, Pisa, Siena, and Venice. Florence and the Medici The port of Genoa Venice and the Ottomans But the Holy Roman Emperors often attacked these city-states and tried [...]

Republic of Genoa – Medieval Italy

By |2018-05-07T12:11:06-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Medieval drawing of the city of Genoa, Italy (1493) Genoa in the Early Middle Ages Around 900 AD, the Holy Roman Empire began to lose control of Italy, and Genoa was among the Italian cities that got their independence about this time. Genoa became one of the first medieval cities where citizens won some political rights. Genoa's [...]

Matilda of Canossa – Medieval Europe

By |2018-05-07T11:39:05-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Matilda of Canossa (Vatican Museum) Northern Italy around 1000 AD By 1000 AD, the invading Lombards had married local rich men and women of Italy and mixed their families together. A few rich families - part Lombard and part Roman - ruled most of northern Italy as small independent countries. Supposedly these countries were part of the Holy Roman [...]

Medieval government in Europe

By |2019-06-02T22:06:55-07:00August 1st, 2017|Government, Medieval|

Palazzo Vecchio, where Florence's medieval government met (Florence, Italy, 1200s AD) Different kinds of medieval governments In the Middle Ages, Europe split up into many different states. Each state had its own system of government. Some of these, like Denmark, Spain, France or England, were monarchies, and had kings or caliphs to rule them. Central Italy was ruled by the Pope, [...]

What is a city-state? Definition

By |2019-04-07T12:48:43-07:00June 29th, 2017|Government, Greeks|

Ur was an early city-state. This is the Standard of Ur, from West Asia (2000 BC) What is a city-state? A city-state is like a very small country, with just one city in it. The Greeks called a city-state a polis. (You pronounce it "poh-liss".) That's where our word politics comes from. Types [...]

History of Democracy: Who invented democracy?

By |2019-05-04T09:10:04-07:00June 29th, 2017|Government, Greeks|

History of Democracy: The Pnyx, where Athenian men debated issues and voted What is democracy? Democracy means the rule of the people (in Greek). That is where each individual person has a vote about what to do. Whatever the most people vote for wins. There is no king or tyrant, and anybody can [...]