Florence

/Tag: Florence

Late medieval Italy – Guelfs and Ghibellines

By |2019-04-09T07:03:13-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Constance of Sicily (late 1100s AD) North Italy's republics All through the later middle ages, Northern Italy was still divided into lots of small independent city-states. The most important city-states were Milan, Florence, Genoa, Pisa, Siena, and Venice. Florence and the Medici The port of Genoa Venice and the Ottomans But the Holy Roman Emperors often attacked these city-states and tried [...]

Late medieval Florence – the Medici

By |2018-04-10T22:50:25-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Lorenzo de' Medici In the early 1400s AD, a few rich families ruled the city-state of Florence in northern Italy. With the Holy Roman Empire very weak, these families ran Florence as an independent country. But most people in Florence had lost the political power they used to have, and they were angry about it. The Medici family, who owned a successful bank, [...]

High Middle Ages – European history

By |2018-04-12T00:08:13-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Devils torture the damned in Hell (Abbey of Moissac, about 1050 AD) The Seljuks destabilize Europe's neighbors In 1071 AD, the Byzantine Empire lost most of Anatolia (modern Turkey) to the Seljuk Turks at the Battle of Manzikert. About the same time, the Abbasids lost control of pieces of the Islamic Empire as well. The Seljuks took over the East, and [...]

Republic of Florence – Medieval Italy

By |2019-06-10T21:04:22-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Romanesque baptistery in the Republic of Florence, Italy Florence ruled by Matilda of Canossa The last of the Carolingian Holy Roman Emperors died in 924 AD. Then northern Italy - including Florence and nearby Genoa - fell under the power of the Counts of Canossa. First Boniface III ruled Italy, then his daughter Matilda. They kept the peace [...]

Matilda of Canossa – Medieval Europe

By |2018-05-07T11:39:05-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Matilda of Canossa (Vatican Museum) Northern Italy around 1000 AD By 1000 AD, the invading Lombards had married local rich men and women of Italy and mixed their families together. A few rich families - part Lombard and part Roman - ruled most of northern Italy as small independent countries. Supposedly these countries were part of the Holy Roman [...]

Medieval government in Europe

By |2019-09-14T06:39:17-07:00August 1st, 2017|Medieval|

Palazzo Vecchio, where Florence's medieval government met (Florence, Italy, 1200s AD) Different kinds of medieval governments In the Middle Ages, Europe split up into many different states. Each state had its own system of government. Some of these, like Denmark, Spain, France or England, were monarchies, and had kings or caliphs to rule them. Central Italy was ruled by the Pope, [...]

Perugino – medieval Italian painter

By |2017-08-01T08:03:49-07:00August 1st, 2017|History|

Perugino's selfie Perugino means "a man from Perugia," and that's where Perugino grew up, in Perugia in northern Italy. It was just at the end of the Middle Ages. Perugino was about the same age as Leonardo da Vinci. The two teenagers probably were apprentices in the same painter's workshop in Florence. But by the time Perugino [...]

Fra Angelico – Medieval Florence

By |2019-06-12T08:18:39-07:00August 1st, 2017|Art, Medieval|

Mary Magdalene and Jesus by Fra Angelico (Louvre Museum) Who was Fra Angelico? Fra Angelico was born about 1395 AD in a small town in northern Italy. Like his older brother, he learned to paint when he was growing up. When he was about 20 years old he became a Christian Dominican monk (like Thomas Aquinas before him). What [...]

Who was Donatello? – a sculptor in Florence

By |2019-05-15T06:06:09-07:00July 31st, 2017|Art, Medieval|

David, from the story of David and Goliath Who was Donatello? Donatello was an Italian sculptor, from Florence, in the later Middle Ages. He was born in Florence about 1386 AD. His family were involved with buying and selling wool, and were probably pretty well off. He was homeschooled with some other kids, and then went [...]