Etruscans

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Iron Age economy in West Asia – the Phoenicians

By |2018-04-25T23:34:29-07:00September 12th, 2017|Economy, West Asia|

Iron Age economy: Phoenician glass - a face pendant of an African man. 400-200 BC Traders in the Mediterranean The rise of the Assyrian empire (in modern Iraq) and of the Phoenicians (in modern Lebanon) about 900 BC created a new economic boom in West Asia. The Phoenicians traded all over the Mediterranean Sea in ships, and established trading posts [...]

Castor and Pollux – Roman religion

By |2019-03-05T21:01:16-07:00September 4th, 2017|Greeks, Religion, Romans|

Castor and Pollux - the Dioscuri - on a votive plaque from Tarentum in southern Italy Who are Castor and Pollux? Castor and Pollux were originally Greek gods, but when the Romans were fighting the Etruscans in 496 BC, the Roman soldiers saw visions of Castor and Pollux fighting on their side. Who were the Etruscans? More [...]

History of Rome – ancient Rome

By |2018-04-25T09:54:54-07:00September 3rd, 2017|History, Romans|

Villanovan cremation urn with helmet on top (ca. 900 BC) Italy's history in antiquity mostly followed the changes that were happening in West Asia a little earlier. The first modern people arrived in Italy from West Asia about 10,000 BC. About 5000 BC a second group of West Asian travellers brought farming and farm animals to Italy - Central Asian cows, West Asian sheep, [...]

Who were the Etruscans? History of Italy

By |2018-10-02T12:06:39-07:00September 3rd, 2017|History, Romans|

Etruscan tomb sculpture: the Etruscans liked fancy tombs From Villanovans to Etruscans Around 700 BC, the Bronze Age people we call the Villanovans started to get ideas from the Greeks and Phoenicians who were sailing around the Mediterranean. They started to do things the way the Greeks and the Carthaginians did them. Historians call these people the Etruscans (ee-TRUSS-kins). Who were the [...]

Bronze Age Rome – History of Rome

By |2019-02-24T08:42:51-07:00September 2nd, 2017|History, Romans|

A gold cup from northern Italy (ca. 1800 BC) is like Bronze Age gold cups from Germany and England and may show that there was trading going on all across Bronze Age Europe. When did Italy's bronze age start? Very early on, about 5000 BC, Stone Age people in northern Italy were mining [...]

What is a city-state? Definition

By |2019-04-07T12:48:43-07:00June 29th, 2017|Government, Greeks|

Ur was an early city-state. This is the Standard of Ur, from West Asia (2000 BC) What is a city-state? A city-state is like a very small country, with just one city in it. The Greeks called a city-state a polis. (You pronounce it "poh-liss".) That's where our word politics comes from. Types [...]

History of cats – Where did cats come from?

By |2018-10-29T10:58:40-07:00June 12th, 2017|Egypt|

History of cats: Sumerian clay head of a cat (Iraq, ca. 3000-2000 BC) Evolution of cats Wildcats first evolved from earlier mammals in Europe during the late Tertiary period, about four million years ago. By around 50,000 years ago, wildcats had spread into West Asia, and by around 40,000 BC, there were cats [...]

What is fresco painting? History of Art

By |2019-06-16T17:07:09-07:00May 25th, 2017|Art, History|

Fresco painting from Thera, Greece (about 1600 BC) Why are they called frescos? Fresco is the Italian word for "fresh", and that's because painters do fresco painting on fresh, wet plaster walls. What is plaster? Egyptian painting All our ancient Egypt articles Why paint on wet plaster? That way the colors really sink in [...]

What is Bronze? – History of Art

By |2019-02-23T18:49:34-07:00May 25th, 2017|Art|

What is bronze? this is the bronze head of an Akkadian king (ca. 2300 BC) What is bronze? Copper and tin Bronze smiths make bronze by melting two different metals and mixing them. The two metals are copper and tin. Copper, by itself, is too soft to make tools of. (Have you ever [...]