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The Pantheon – Roman Architecture – Ancient Rome

By |2018-01-01T11:27:59+00:00August 27th, 2017|Architecture, Romans|

Hadrian's Pantheon from the outside. Built in Rome, around 120 AD. Who built the Roman Pantheon? In the time of the Roman Emperor Augustus, about 10 BC, one of his generals, a man named Agrippa, built a temple in the middle of downtown Rome "to all the gods". A temple to all the gods is a Pantheon, which [...]

Late medieval Florence – the Medici

By |2018-04-10T22:50:25+00:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Lorenzo de' Medici In the early 1400s AD, a few rich families ruled the city-state of Florence in northern Italy. With the Holy Roman Empire very weak, these families ran Florence as an independent country. But most people in Florence had lost the political power they used to have, and they were angry about it. The Medici family, who owned a successful bank, [...]

Hagia Sophia – Istanbul

By |2017-07-30T22:50:32+00:00July 30th, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Hagia Sophia, Istanbul (500s AD) The Roman emperor Constantius II built a big church next to the imperial palace in Constantinople (now Istanbul) in the 300s AD. But people burned it down in riots in 404. Pulcheria soon had the church rebuilt. But rioters burned it down again during the Nike Riots of 532. So the emperor Justinian needed to rebuild [...]

The Duomo in Florence, Italy

By |2018-04-24T09:23:13+00:00July 30th, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Florence Duomo (cathedral) The Republic of Florence started to plan this cathedral in the late 1200s AD, when Dante was growing up, to replace the old cathedral from about 500 AD that was too small and old. They had already replaced their old baptistery, and now they wanted to do the cathedral. (Duomo means "cathedral" in Italian.) The government of Florence raised money to [...]