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Germany in the 1800s – Bismarck

By |2017-08-05T16:25:11+00:00August 5th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Map of Europe after the Congress of Vienna (thanks to Wikipedia) An alliance of European armies finally defeated Napoleon in 1814. Then all the European countries held meetings known as the Congress of Vienna. They wanted to figure out the best way to stop anyone from conquering them again. They were trying to keep peace all [...]

Beowulf and Grendel – Medieval Epic

By |2018-04-07T00:08:38+00:00August 3rd, 2017|Literature, Medieval|

The only surviving manuscript of Beowulf Date of Beowulf Beowulf is a long poem that somebody wrote down around 1000 AD. The poem is in Old English, so whoever wrote it probably lived in England. It's one of the oldest poems written in English (but not the oldest). Only one copy of the poem [...]

Medieval Hungary – Magyars

By |2018-09-18T05:39:16+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Medieval Hungary: Stephen, the first Christian King of Hungary ca. 1000 AD The Magyars invade Hungary When the invading Magyars conquered land in Eastern Europe from the Slavs about 900 AD, and started the country of Hungary, they didn't stop there. Wait, who were the Slavs? The Magyars fight their way across Europe The Magyars immediately started [...]

Holy Roman Empire – Medieval Germany

By |2018-04-21T13:20:47+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Empress Agnes holding Henry IV After the death of Henry III in 1056 AD, his widow Agnes ran the Holy Roman Empire. With the help of the king of Poland, the Popes now felt stronger. They tried to break away from the control of the Holy Roman Emperors. The Popes insisted that priests and bishops served only the Pope. The Empress could [...]

King Arthur’s Britain – Medieval history

By |2017-08-02T12:48:02+00:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Sutton Hoo Anglo-Saxon helmet (500s-600s AD, now in the British Museum) When Constantine III revolted in England in 406 AD and took all its Roman troops with him to France, that was really the end of Roman control in Britain. The British seem to have written to the Romans asking them to come help out in the 420s. They [...]