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What is a pontoon bridge? History of science

By |2017-09-08T09:08:30+00:00September 8th, 2017|Science, West Asia|

A pontoon bridge from the Column of Marcus Aurelius, in Rome A pontoon bridge is a temporary bridge that you make by lining up a lot of boats crossways across the river, and then putting wooden planks over the boats to make a bridge. You can see one in the picture. It's a fast way [...]

Trajan’s Column – Roman art – Dacian Wars

By |2018-04-24T23:44:55+00:00August 28th, 2017|Art, Romans|

Trajan's Column in the Forum of Trajan, in Rome Trajan's column was built just after 100 AD to remind people in Rome about the Roman emperor Trajan's victories in a war in Dacia (DAY-see-ah) (modern Rumania). It stands in Trajan's Forum in Rome, just below Trajan's Markets, and near the old Roman Forum. Scene from Trajan's Column: Roman soldiers [...]

What’s the Ionic order?

By |2017-10-14T15:17:15+00:00July 1st, 2017|Architecture, Greeks, What|

Around 500 BC, Greek architectural styles changed so that instead of building temples in the old Doric style, people began to want their new temples for the gods to be built in the new Ionic style. Ionic temples are a little fancier and more delicate than Doric temples, without being as elaborate as Corinthian temples. [...]

What is a fluted column?

By |2017-07-01T00:45:13+00:00July 1st, 2017|Architecture, Greeks|

Fluted columns from the Forum in Rome Most Greek and Roman columns (but not all) were fluted. That means they had narrow channels running up and down them. The Greeks probably started this idea because their earliest columns were made out of wooden tree trunks. When the builders shaved the bark off the [...]

What is the Greek Doric order?

By |2017-07-01T00:33:44+00:00July 1st, 2017|Architecture, Greeks|

Doric temple at Agrigento, in Sicily The earliest Greek temples were built of wood, but as soon as the Greek began to build in stone, about 510 BC, they built in the Doric style. Doric temples are simple and strong, not fancy like Ionic or Corinthian temples. The elevation of a Doric [...]

Greek Corinthian columns

By |2017-07-01T00:29:05+00:00June 30th, 2017|Architecture, Greeks|

A Corinthian column capital (from the Pantheon in Rome) By 400 BC, Greek architects had added a third type of column to the old Doric and Ionic styles. People called the new style the Corinthian column, after the city of Corinth. The Greeks never actually used the Corinthian column that much, even in [...]