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Who are the Arawak? – South American history

By |2018-04-25T20:12:23+00:00September 8th, 2017|History, South America|

Arawak history: Arawak family in Trinidad, ca. 1500 AD The Arawak arrive in Venezuela The Arawak probably first arrived in South America with the second wave of people, around 15,000 BC. They were probably fishing people with canoes or boats, travelling south along the Atlantic coastline following the fish. The Arawak settled first in what is now Venezuela, [...]

Caribbean history – South America

By |2018-04-08T21:33:38+00:00September 8th, 2017|History, South America|

Arawak or Carib woman swimming with her kids ca. 1580 AD Arawak people had conquered the Caribbean islands about 300 BC. Then about 1200 AD, Carib people started trying to conquer the Arawak. In the middle of this process, with some islands Carib and others still Arawak, the first European invaders showed up to conquer them all. When Christopher [...]

What is yellow fever? – History of medicine

By |2018-04-15T17:01:43+00:00September 7th, 2017|Africa, Science|

Kids with yellow fever in Mississippi about 1870. See how all the people are white? The hospital wasn't letting black kids in, or hiring black women as nurses. The virus that causes yellow fever probably evolved from an earlier virus that didn't make people sick. The first cases of yellow fever may have been in East or Central [...]

Denmark Vesey’s revolt – American history

By |2017-08-13T09:46:45+00:00August 13th, 2017|History, North America|

St. Thomas in the early 1700s, as Denmark Vesey might have seen it When African-Americans were held in slavery in the United States, they hated it and they fought to get free, or to get even small freedoms, any way they could. One example is Denmark Vesey, who was born into slavery about 1767 AD in St. Thomas (then [...]

Early Modern France – Henry IV

By |2018-10-30T04:34:08+00:00August 5th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Henry IV of France Henry IV of France In 1589 AD, Catherine de Medici died in France, and her last son, Henry III, was killed a few months later. Henry III had no sons, and after a short civil war his 36 year old cousin, Henry IV, became the next king of France. Henry IV [...]

Anne of Austria, Queen of France

By |2018-09-24T06:18:07+00:00August 4th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Anne of Austria Anne of Austria rules France Cardinal Richelieu died in 1642 AD and Louis XIII died the next year, in 1643. Louis' wife, Anne of Austria, ruled after him as regent for her four year old son, Louis XIV. Who was Richelieu? What is a regent? European history articles Anne's minister Mazarin Anne was in [...]

Europe’s early modern economy

By |2018-04-08T11:14:16+00:00August 4th, 2017|Economy, Modern Europe|

Members of the painters' guild in Haarlem (1670s) In the Renaissance, as cities grew all over Europe and more people began to buy things in stores instead of making them at home, many cities and towns developed a system of guilds that controlled who could make things and how. In France and England and Switzerland, this guild system began [...]

European economy in the 1700s

By |2018-04-08T11:14:15+00:00August 4th, 2017|Economy, Modern Europe|

Kids in a spinning mill in England During the 1700s AD, the first modern factories opened. At first these were spinning factories to make thread for clothing, blankets, and sheets. Because most adults were busy working on farms, factory owners hired mostly children to work in the spinning factories. In Britain in 1788, two out of three [...]

History of swimming in the Americas

By |2018-04-20T08:23:49+00:00June 23rd, 2017|Games, North America, South America|

Aztec swimmer from Teotihuacan (ca. 500 AD) The first people who came to the Americas probably already knew how to swim, as they got their food from fishing and gathering shellfish and seaweed. Aztec paintings from the 500s AD show swimmers using a flutter kick and possibly a crawl stroke. Arawak or [...]

Sugar and slavery – North America

By |2017-06-23T01:17:20+00:00June 23rd, 2017|Food, North America|

Slaves on a sugar plantation about 1550 AD When European explorers came to North America about 1500 AD, they soon saw that the islands of the Caribbean - Cuba, Jamaica and Haiti, for example - had the right weather for growing sugar cane, and they immediately started sugar cane farms there. As they [...]