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Mexico and colonization – American history

By |2018-10-02T07:36:12+00:00September 8th, 2017|Central America, History|

Tenochtitlan under attack (painted in the 1600s) In 1500 AD, the Aztec  controlled most of what is now Mexico. People also called them the Mexica. In 1519, the Aztec ruler, Moctezuma the Younger, was surprised to hear that white men on ships had shown up out of nowhere. Moctezuma invited the strangers to his capital city, [...]

The Paiute fight the United States

By |2018-09-24T06:56:08+00:00August 13th, 2017|History, Native American|

The Paiute fight back - Sarah Winnemucca was a Paiute activist. The Paiute get horses At first the Paiute didn't see any of the Spanish invaders who conquered the Pueblo people around 1500 AD, but they still felt the effects of the invasion. Early history of the Paiute  Spanish demands for workers led the Navajo and the Ute to made raids into Paiute land [...]

The United States expands – American history

By |2018-04-18T09:53:59+00:00August 13th, 2017|History, North America|

What Europeans were claiming In 1803, the French emperor Napoleon needed money to rebuild France's army after the French Revolution. So he agreed to sell France's land in North America to the newly formed United States. We call this the Louisiana Purchase, but the French sold much more than just the modern state of Louisiana. The land they [...]

Californians fight the Missions

By |2018-10-02T07:43:05+00:00August 12th, 2017|History, Native American|

Ohlone people crossing San Francisco Bay, with a European wool blanket (Louis Choris, 1816 AD) Native people in California In 1500 AD, California was a popular place to live. About one out of every three people living in what would become the United States lived in California. Early Native Californians More articles about [...]

Early Native American languages

By |2018-04-07T17:05:42+00:00August 10th, 2017|Literature, Native American|

Inuit carving of a fish The languages Native American people spoke (and still speak) in North America fall into several groups. The Cherokee and the Iroquois, on the East Coast, spoke Iroquoian languages. In the midwest, the Sioux, the Crow, and the Mandan spoke related languages. In the Pacific Northwest, the Chinook and the Nez Perce shared a language group. In the Southwest, the Shoshone, [...]

Early Paiute history – Native Americans

By |2018-04-07T17:05:38+00:00August 9th, 2017|History, Native American|

Strawberry Lake, in southern Oregon The Paiute, like the Shoshone, are descended from the Cochise culture. The Cochise lived in North America's southwest about 8000 BC. With the end of the last Ice Age, the southwest got too dry to support everybody. So the Cochise split up. The ancestors of the Paiute, the Shoshone, the Aztecs, and [...]

Early California history – Native Americans

By |2018-04-07T17:05:33+00:00August 8th, 2017|History, Native American|

Stone carving of a fish (San Francisco, ca. 7000 BC) The first people probably reached California about 17,000 BC. They were probably fishing people, coming south along the Pacific coast in small boats, following the fish. Some of them kept on going south and reached Central America and then South America. Some moved inland, fishing out of Lake Tahoe and [...]

Native American food – North America – pemmican and succotash

By |2018-04-24T09:40:41+00:00August 8th, 2017|Food, Native American|

Native American food: Inuit carving of a sea lion Hunting and gathering wild food Early on, until about 2000 BC, people in North America ate only wild foods that they could hunt or gather. Salmon, wapato, pine nuts and acorn flour These foods varied according to the environment where each group of people lived. Inuit people, who lived in the far north along [...]

Renaissance Europe – Charles V

By |2018-09-07T09:51:54+00:00August 6th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Charles Quint (by Titian, 1548) The Ottomans terrify Europe The biggest worry that people had in the early 1500s AD in Europe was that the Ottoman Empire was going to conquer Europe. Would Europe be ruled by Islamic rulers? Who were the Ottomans though? And in fact the Ottomans, under their sultan Suleiman the Magnificent, did conquer the eastern [...]