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Who were the Mapuche? South American history

By |2018-04-28T01:07:06+00:00September 9th, 2017|History|

Changos whale hunt, El Madano, ca. 1000 AD There were probably people living in Chile (a narrow strip of land in South America between the Andes Mountains and the Pacific Ocean) by around 12,000 BC. They came south with their dogs along the coast of South America, either walking or in small boats. Like most other people in South [...]

What are llamas? South American animals

By |2018-04-12T08:53:21+00:00September 8th, 2017|Environment, South America|

A llama in Bolivia Llamas evolved from camels. Camels evolved in North America about 45 million years ago. They lived in the Rocky Mountains and all across the southern part of North America. While they were still in North America, some camels evolved into llamas. Llamas spread from there south into South America about 3 million years ago. [...]

Where do camels come from?

By |2018-04-19T08:38:14+00:00June 12th, 2017|Central Asia, Economy|

History of camels: A group of camels North American wild camels Wild camels first originated in North America. Before the last Ice Age, they spread from North America to East Asia. From East Asia, camels reached Central Asia and Iran and Arabia. Other camels moved south to South America, where they became llamas and [...]

Where does cotton come from? South America

By |2018-04-18T19:35:06+00:00June 8th, 2017|Clothing, South America|

A cotton and alpaca wool cloth from Peru, about 200 AD (in the Brooklyn Museum) South America  was the first place in the world where people grew cotton to make clothing. Norte Chico people in northern Peru spun cotton into thread and wove it into cloth around 4000-3000 BC. By 1000 BC cotton cloth, and mixed cotton/alpaca cloth [...]