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Who were the Chavin? South American history

By |2018-04-25T20:14:53+00:00September 9th, 2017|South America|

A Chavin carving By around 900 BC, the Norte Chico people of northern Peru developed into the Chavin culture. Like the earlier Norte Chico people, the Chavin people used irrigation to farm potatoes, tomatoes, peanuts, and hot chili peppers. They also farmed corn, but they really ate mostly potatoes and quinoa, which grow better high in the Andes mountains. They hunted deer with spears [...]

Mauryan architecture – India

By |2018-04-12T00:07:55+00:00July 19th, 2017|Architecture, India|

Sanchi stupa, 250 BC When people in India began to follow the Buddhist religion, they needed new kinds of buildings that reflected Buddhist ideas. The earliest Buddhist building in India that we still have today is Sanchi, in central India. About 250 BC, the Mauryan emperor Asoka built a stupa there to keep some relics of the Buddha safe, the same [...]

Indian architecture – Ancient India – History of Architecture

By |2018-04-18T23:55:58+00:00July 19th, 2017|Architecture, India|

Early Indian architecture: Rock-cut temples at Ajanta, India The Stone Age and the Bronze Age The earliest buildings anyone knows of from India are from Mehrgahr, from about 7000 BC. But the first real stone architecture dates to about 2500 BC, in the Harappan period in northern India (modern Pakistan). The Harappans built big cities, with walls around them [...]

Guptan temples – Indian architecture

By |2017-07-19T12:10:33+00:00July 19th, 2017|Architecture, India|

Tigawa temple, 350 AD When the Mauryan empire collapsed, about 200 BC, for more than five hundred years Indian leaders were too busy fighting wars against each other to build any big buildings. But around 350 AD some victorious leaders formed a new empire, the Guptan Empire. Once there was peace, people began to build again, and, for the first [...]

Old World Cotton History – India, Africa, Asia, Europe

By |2018-04-18T19:35:05+00:00June 8th, 2017|Clothing, India|

India cotton bolls hanging from the plants India cotton farming About 2500 BC, a thousand years after people started to grow cotton in Peru, the Harappan people in India also started to grow cotton. We know because people wrote about cotton in the Rig Veda, and that was written about 600 BC in [...]

Three Kingdoms Architecture – China

By |2018-04-18T09:54:15+00:00June 4th, 2017|Architecture, China|

Three Kingdoms architecture: Mogao Caves (366 AD and later) First Buddhist temples in China Beginning in 366 AD, people in China built the earliest Buddhist temples in China. These first Buddhist temples at Mogao were carved into caves in the side of cliffs, like the earlier Buddhist temples at Ajanta in India. Buddhist monks and [...]

What is fresco painting? History of Art

By |2018-04-21T15:09:35+00:00May 25th, 2017|Art, History|

Fresco painting from Thera, Greece (about 1600 BC) Fresco is the Italian word for "fresh", and that's because painters do fresco painting on fresh, wet plaster walls. That way the colors really sink in to the plaster, and you get a glowing kind of color that is very different from what you would get [...]