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4 09, 2017

What’s the Lupercalia? Roman holidays – Religion

By |2019-02-14T08:10:07-07:00September 4th, 2017|Religion, Romans|0 Comments

The decorated ceiling of the cave where people may have celebrated the Lupercalia, under the Palatine Hill in Rome. Februa parties in February In the time of the kings of Rome, about 600 BC (and maybe even earlier), when the people of central Italy were all shepherds and farmers and lived in villages, they got cold and bored during the rainy [...]

4 09, 2017

Jupiter – Roman god – Roman religion

By |2018-04-16T23:51:47-07:00September 4th, 2017|Religion, Romans|0 Comments

Jupiter (fresco from the House of the Dioscuri, Pompeii, ca. 79 AD) Jupiter was the chief of the gods for the Romans, the way Zeus was for the Greeks and Thor was for the Germans. In fact, they must have all originally been the same Indo-European sky god. Jupiter and Zeus really have the same name - Jupiter comes from Ju-pater, [...]

4 09, 2017

Juno – the Roman goddess – Roman religion

By |2017-09-04T14:36:31-07:00September 4th, 2017|Religion, Romans|0 Comments

The Roman goddess Juno Juno was Jupiter's wife and sister for the Romans, the way Hera was Zeus's wife for the Greeks. Because the Romans and the Greeks were both descended from Central Asian Indo-Europeans, Hera and Juno probably started out as the same goddess. But the Romans thought of Juno a little differently from Hera. Juno was mainly a goddess of marriage, like [...]

4 09, 2017

Roman religion – Ancient Roman gods

By |2017-09-04T14:12:37-07:00September 4th, 2017|Religion, Romans|0 Comments

Hadrian's Pantheon from the outside. Built in the early 100s AD In some ways Roman religion is a lot like Greek religion, but in other ways it is very different. Like the Greeks, the Romans thought that there were many gods, and that these gods each controlled different parts of the world: storms, the ocean, marriage, blacksmithing, and [...]

4 09, 2017

Roman Imperial Cult – Roman religion

By |2019-09-11T05:24:18-07:00September 4th, 2017|Religion, Romans|0 Comments

Imperial cult: The Roman general Pompey Worshipping rulers as gods The Roman general Pompey conquered West Asia around 50 BC. He was embarrassed to find that people there were worshipping him as a god. Who was Pompey? Roman religion and gods All our ancient Rome articles Sacrifice and statues They would come out of the cities to pray [...]

4 09, 2017

Castor and Pollux – Roman religion

By |2019-03-05T21:01:16-07:00September 4th, 2017|Greeks, Religion, Romans|0 Comments

Castor and Pollux - the Dioscuri - on a votive plaque from Tarentum in southern Italy Who are Castor and Pollux? Castor and Pollux were originally Greek gods, but when the Romans were fighting the Etruscans in 496 BC, the Roman soldiers saw visions of Castor and Pollux fighting on their side. Who were the Etruscans? More [...]

3 09, 2017

Philemon and Baucis – Ovid’s Metamorphoses

By |2018-04-25T10:20:25-07:00September 3rd, 2017|Literature, Religion, Romans|0 Comments

Just a loaf of bread This is a story we only know because Ovid wrote it down in his poem, the Metamorphoses. It might be a traditional Greek story, but we don't know it from anywhere else. In this story, Philemon and Baucis are poor people who live out in the countryside in an area called [...]

1 09, 2017

Eid al-Adha – Islamic holidays

By |2019-08-10T23:36:52-07:00September 1st, 2017|Islam, Religion, West Asia|0 Comments

Eid al-Adha: an Islamic image of Abraham and Ishmael What is Eid al-Adha? Eid al-Adha is an Islamic holiday. It falls a few months after the end of Ramadan, Eid al-Fitr. These two celebrations are the two most important holidays of the year for Islam, and of the two, this holiday is the [...]

26 08, 2017

Etruscan architecture – Early Italy

By |2019-05-31T18:00:00-07:00August 26th, 2017|Architecture, Religion|0 Comments

Etruscan temple at Veii - a reconstruction When did Etruscans start to build in stone? The Etruscans, about 700 BC, were the first people in northern and central Italy to build big buildings out of stone. They learned from the Greeks and the Phoenicians to build big stone temples for their gods. Who were the Etruscans? Archaic Greek architecture Carthaginian [...]

25 08, 2017

Cerveteri – Etruscan tomb architecture

By |2019-03-12T05:05:23-07:00August 25th, 2017|Architecture, Religion|0 Comments

A street in the Etruscan cemetery at Cerveteri An Etruscan cemetery The Etruscans (ee-TRUSS-cans) of Northern Italy believed that it was important to keep cemeteries well separated from where people lived. You could not bury anyone inside the sacred boundary of the city (the pomerium). Who are the Etruscans? Villanovans (before the Etruscans) All our [...]