History of Chad – African History

Home » History of Chad – African History
Print Friendly, PDF & Email
Lake Chad - a lake with dry mountains in the background. History of Chad

History of Chad: Lake Chad

Bornu Empire in Chad

The Bornu empire – ruled by Muslims – controlled most of Chad at the end of the Middle Ages, with their capital at Ngazargamu in eastern Nigeria. The Bornu controlled a large area sometimes as far north as southern Libya and sometimes considerably west of Lake Chad, into Niger and Nigeria. There were two smaller kingdoms further east, Baguirmi and Ouaddai; Baguirmi, in the middle, was an Islamic state, sometimes taken over by the Bornu, and sometimes by Ouaddai. The Ouaddai were cousins of the people of Darfur, their neighbors in western Sudan. They were traditional believers, not Muslims. At times, the Bornu also controlled the Ouaddai, right up to the borders of Darfur in Sudan.

These northern states couldn’t take over the land further south, because it was heavily forested and tsetse flies lived there and carried serious sicknesses for both people and horses. So the cavalry couldn’t go there.

Kanem-Bornu

The Kanem-Bornu were less powerful in the 1700s.

Fulani take over Chad

In 1808, Fulani rulers took control of the Kanem-Bornu capital in Nigeria, and the kingdom fell apart.

France colonizes Chad

But gradually most of Chad fell under the control of French colonialists. In 1893, the sultan of Baguirmi got the French to protect them from the Ouaddai.

Learn by doing:
More about Africa

Bibliography and further reading about Chad history:

More about Africa
Quatr.us home

By |2018-04-13T14:28:45+00:00May 23rd, 2017|Africa, History|0 Comments
Cite this page: Carr, K.E. History of Chad – African History. Quatr.us Study Guides, May 23, 2017. Web. September 22, 2018.

About the Author:

Dr. Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram, Pinterest, or Facebook, or buy her book, Vandals to Visigoths.

Leave A Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.