Economy

/Economy

Mining and miners in ancient West Asia

By |2018-04-25T23:41:46-07:00September 15th, 2017|Economy, West Asia|

Skeleton of a salt miner from Sassanid Iran Mining was a dangerous job. So most people in the ancient world didn't want to do it. This is the skeleton of a young salt miner. Very likely the miner was enslaved, so he didn't have any choice about working in the salt mine. He [...]

Inheritance in West Asia – Mesopotamia and Iran

By |2018-04-25T23:41:43-07:00September 15th, 2017|Economy, West Asia|

Akkadian will (in the Louvre museum, Paris) This is the will of a man named Baal-Karad from Syria, who lived about 1300 BC, in the time of the New Kingdom in Egypt and the Trojan War in Greece. The scribe wrote Baal-Karad's will in cuneiform letters on a clay tablet. Baal-Karad said that when he died all his stuff should be divided [...]

Sassanians and the Silk Road – West Asian economy

By |2018-04-25T23:27:00-07:00September 12th, 2017|Economy, West Asia|

Coin of the Sassanian king Hormizd V (ca. 593 AD?) The most important part of the Sassanian economy, as in all other states in Late Antiquity, was farming - most people still were farmers, growing mainly wheat and barley. But most farmers didn't eat the food they grew. They sold their wheat or barley to a mill and used the money [...]

Iron Age economy in West Asia – the Phoenicians

By |2018-04-25T23:34:29-07:00September 12th, 2017|Economy, West Asia|

Iron Age economy: Phoenician glass - a face pendant of an African man. 400-200 BC Traders in the Mediterranean The rise of the Assyrian empire (in modern Iraq) and of the Phoenicians (in modern Lebanon) about 900 BC created a new economic boom in West Asia. The Phoenicians traded all over the Mediterranean Sea in ships, and established trading posts [...]

West Asian economy – Mesopotamia and Iran

By |2018-04-25T23:26:59-07:00September 12th, 2017|Economy, West Asia|

Obsidian tools West Asia is located in the middle of the very wide land mass we call Europe and Asia and Africa, and so it has always played an important part in moving things from east to west and from west to east. Beginning as early as the Stone Age, about 7000 BC, people in West [...]

Dark Age economy in West Asia

By |2019-05-01T21:41:59-07:00September 12th, 2017|Economy, West Asia|

Dark Age economy: The temple of Goliath's town, Gath - apparently founded by the Philistines, when they fled the economic problems at home and arrived in Israel around 1100 BC The end of the Bronze Age The political collapse around 1200 BC in West Asia may have been related to an economic collapse about the same time. Hittites/Bronze Age [...]

West Asian economy – the Bronze Age

By |2019-02-23T20:18:28-07:00September 12th, 2017|Economy, West Asia|

West Asian economy: Bronze Age tin ingots from a shipwreck near Haifa Trading for tin When people first began to use bronze, about 3000 BC, they had to trade a lot more than they had before, because they needed tin to make the bronze. You don't find tin just anywhere. What is bronze? Bronze Age timeline All [...]

West Asian economy – Safavids and Ottomans

By |2018-04-25T23:04:52-07:00September 11th, 2017|Economy, West Asia|

A man making paper West Asia entered the 1500s AD in a very powerful position in world trade. Iran, together with the Central Asian state of Uzbekistan and the Mughal Empire, dominated the Silk Road, and the Silk Road was at the center of world trade. Small factories with hundreds of employees - slave or free - made high-quality steel, knotted wool carpets, paper, glass dishes and silver vases, and [...]

Roman restaurants – going out to eat in ancient Rome

By |2018-05-21T17:00:47-07:00August 31st, 2017|Economy, Food, Romans|

A carving of a fast food restaurant in northern Europe Many people in bigger towns in ancient Rome lived in just one room and didn't have kitchens in their apartments. They ate most of their meals in fast food restaurants like this one in the picture. You can see that one guy is sitting at a booth while [...]