South African art
People were producing art in South Africa even before the first people left Africa for other parts of the world. The earliest art we know about comes from Blombos Cave in South Africa, where there are carvings and bead jewelry from about 80,000 BC.
North African art
These rock carvings are found all the way across the Sahara Desert, from Egypt to Niger. Some of the carvings show people, while others show cats or giraffes or other animals.
Sudan and Egypt
In Nubia (modern Sudan), there are rock carvings from about 4000 BC. These Saharan carvings are the ancestors of later Egyptian carvings. The figures are carved in profile (seen from the side), and they stand one picture on top of another in registers (like comic strips).
The tomb carvings in the Pyramids and other tombs from Old Kingdom Egypt are also carved in stone, in profile, and in registers, but they are carved on built stone walls, instead of into natural rock.
By about 2500 BC, the artists of Kerma (along the Nile River in northern Sudan) were producing art in styles related to the Egyptian art to their north.
Like the Egyptians, the artists of Kerma made blue faience statuettes. But the Kerma statuettes clearly show African hair and features.