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Thomas Paine – American Philosophy

By |2017-08-14T13:00:34-07:00August 14th, 2017|North America, Philosophy|

Thomas Paine (by Matthew Pratt, about 1790) In the late 1700s AD, around the same time that Voltaire, du Chatelet, and Rousseau were writing philosophy in France, and Hume was writing in England, Thomas Paine was writing philosophy in America. Paine was born in England, and his father was a Quaker, and owned a small business. Young Paine didn't go to [...]

Voltaire – European philosopher

By |2018-04-09T23:07:35-07:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Voltaire - a French philosopher Voltaire took ideas about religion, science, and human rights that were just getting started in the 1700s AD, and encouraged new ways of thinking about them. His ideas paved the way for the American Revolutionary War and the French Revolution, though he died just before the French Revolution. Voltaire was [...]

Emilie du Chatelet – European philosophy

By |2018-04-08T11:14:27-07:00August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Emilie du Chatelet, a French philosopher in the 1700s Emilie du Chatelet's rich father, who was interested in literature and science, hired tutors to homeschool her, instead of sending her to a convent school. She learned Latin, German, Greek, and Italian, as well as math and science. When du Chatelet was 18, she married [...]

David Hume – European philosophy

By |2018-04-24T09:15:54-07:00August 6th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

David Hume, the European philosopher Soon after Hobbes and Locke died, starting in 1739 AD, David Hume published more important books about philosophy. Hume disagreed with Descartes' idea that people did what their reason or logic told them was best. Hume thought people were more likely to just do what they wanted, even if they knew it was wrong [...]

du Chatelet light project – European science

By |2018-04-08T11:14:26-07:00August 6th, 2017|Modern Europe, Science|

Any desk lamp will do You can get colored lights and thermometers and do the experiment that du Chatelet never carried out. See for yourself whether red light will heat things up more than blue light! Get a regular weather thermometer, and set it up under a strong desk lamp so the light shines [...]

Peter and Catherine – Russian History

By |2017-05-30T23:31:10-07:00May 30th, 2017|Central Asia, History|

Sophia, ruling as Regent Michael Romanov, the first czar elected by representatives of the people, took power in 1613 AD. Czar Michael made peace with Lithuania and Sweden, and managed to take control of Ukraine and Kiev away from Poland. During the 1650s, the czars conquered more and more of Central Asia until [...]