Toulouse

/Tag: Toulouse

Albigensians – Cathars – Crusade

By |2019-01-21T10:25:15-07:00August 4th, 2017|Medieval, Religion|

Albigensians were also called Cathars This story starts about 1050 AD, not long after the Capetians took power in northern France. Some Christian people in the south of France began to think differently about God from the other Christians around them. These Christians called themselves "Good Christians." Other people called them Cathars (from a Greek word for 'pure'), or Albigensians (because some [...]

Medieval universities in Europe

By |2017-08-04T09:21:20-07:00August 4th, 2017|Medieval|

Medieval university With the fall of Rome, the universities of northern Europe closed too. The end of Mediterranean trade meant that nobody could afford to get an advanced education anymore. In Europe, there were only small schools run by the Catholic church. Or independent scholars gave public lectures and tutored private students. Or there [...]

High Middle Ages – European history

By |2018-04-12T00:08:13-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Devils torture the damned in Hell (Abbey of Moissac, about 1050 AD) The Seljuks destabilize Europe's neighbors In 1071 AD, the Byzantine Empire lost most of Anatolia (modern Turkey) to the Seljuk Turks at the Battle of Manzikert. About the same time, the Abbasids lost control of pieces of the Islamic Empire as well. The Seljuks took over the East, and [...]

Capetians – French History – Middle Ages

By |2019-02-27T06:29:13-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Monogram of Hugh Capet (980s AD) Who was Hugh Capet? When the Carolingians died out in 987 AD, the lords of France met to choose a new king. They chose a man named Hugh Capet (hyoo ka-PAY). Hugh Capet was picked for being weak, so the lords could do whatever they wanted and the king wouldn't be [...]

Toulouse – St. Sernin – Romanesque

By |2018-04-15T16:50:51-07:00July 31st, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Church of St. Sernin, Toulouse, France In 1080 AD, the church of St. Sernin in Toulouse was a busy place. Charlemagne had given the church some saints' relics, and many people stopped to pray there when they were on pilgrimage to St. Jacques de Compostela in Spain. But the little old church, built in the 300s AD under Roman rule, was too [...]

Romanesque Architecture – Medieval Europe

By |2018-04-10T22:48:55-07:00July 31st, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Façade of Pisa's Duomo We call this kind of building Romanesque because it is a little like Roman architecture, with its columns and round arches. But people built Romanesque buildings around 1000-1200 AD instead of during the Roman Empire. The fall of the Roman Empire, about 500 AD, made everybody in the empire poorer than they were before. But the people [...]

Carcassonne – medieval castles

By |2019-02-28T11:02:05-07:00July 30th, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|

Carcassonne (1060s to 1240s AD) Where is Carcassonne? Carcassonne, on top of a hill where you can see for miles, has always been important for any army that wanted to control southern France. It controls a crossroads where a big road from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea crosses the main road from France [...]