Tibet

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Where are the Himalaya Mountains? India

By |2018-04-21T11:56:45+00:00June 25th, 2017|China, Geology, India|

Himalaya Mountains About 55 million years ago, plate tectonics made the land that is now India break off from what is now Africa. At this time, the first modern mammals like rats and guinea pigs were evolving, and most of the Earth was covered in forests. For five million years India floated slowly [...]

Who was Xuanzang? A Buddhist scholar of medieval China

By |2018-04-18T09:54:15+00:00June 7th, 2017|Central Asia, China, India, Religion|

Travels of the Buddhist traveller Xuanzang (T'ang Dynasty, 630 AD) Xuanzang was a great Chinese scholar who lived in the 600s AD, under the T'ang dynasty. He was a Buddhist, and he wanted to see India, where the Buddha had lived. So he traveled from the Chinese capital at Changan to India and [...]

End of T’ang Dynasty China – Uighurs and Buddhists

By |2018-04-18T09:53:37+00:00June 6th, 2017|China, History|

Emperor Wuzong Hsuan Tsung's son, the T'ang Emperor Suzong, asked a neighboring power, the Uighur Empire, to help him crush An Lu-shan's rebellion, and by 757 AD, thanks to the Uighur army, Suzong was able to get An Lu-shan assassinated. Still there was more civil war until 763 AD. These wars wrecked China [...]

Empress Wu – T’ang Dynasty China – History

By |2018-09-10T15:18:00+00:00June 6th, 2017|China, History|

Empress Wu of the T'ang Dynasty Who was Wu Chao? Wu Chao was one of T'ai Tsung's girlfriends. After he died, she became his son's girlfriend too! The son's name was Gaozong. Find out more about T'ai Tsung Wu Chao becomes Empress Wu Once she got Gaozong to really love her, Wu Chao [...]

Qing Dynasty China – History of China – 1600s-1700s

By |2018-04-18T09:54:09+00:00June 4th, 2017|China, History|

Empress Xiaozhuang In 1644 AD, the Jurchen or Manchu people of Central Asia invaded China and got rid of the Ming Dynasty. The Manchu leaders took over ruling China. They called themselves the Qing Dynasty. The first ruler of the Qing Dynasty was just like the last Ming emperors, a child called Fulin who [...]

Uighurs – Medieval Central Asia

By |2017-05-31T17:37:10+00:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History|

Uighur princesses (Bezelik Cave) When the Turkic Gokturk Empire in Central Asia collapsed in 742 AD, the Uighurs got their independence. Their king, or Khan, Qutlugh Bilge Kol, set up his own smaller empire in what is now Mongolia and Western China, controlling the eastern end of the Silk Road. Qutlugh Bilge Kol's [...]

Medieval Tibet – History of Central Asia

By |2018-04-24T09:30:55+00:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History|

Medieval Tibet: Changzhug Monastery, Tibet (600s AD) Where is Tibet? Tibet lies between India and China, just north of the Himalaya Mountains. People have been living in Tibet since about 20,000 BC, but about 1000 BC a lot of people from northern China moved to Tibet and pushed out most of the people [...]

Sogdians in China – History of Central Asia

By |2017-05-31T17:22:37+00:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History|

Sogdian traders in China about 550 AD (Musee Guimet) Even after the fall of the Han Dynasty, the Sogdians still controlled Silk Road trade between West Asia and China. By the 300s AD the Sogdians seem to have been the main traders not only between China and West Asia, but also between China and [...]

Who were the Gokturks? Central Asian History

By |2018-03-21T13:58:10+00:00May 31st, 2017|Central Asia, History|

A Gokturk coin, about 576-600 AD (Kyrgyzstan museum) (compare to Sassanian and Byzantine coins of the same time) About 550 AD, Bumin Qaghan and his sons, with the help of the Chinese Wei kingdom, conquered the Rouran and took over as the main rulers of Central Asia. Today, historians call Bumin Qaghan's people [...]

Later Central Asian Architecture

By |2018-04-16T10:37:26+00:00May 30th, 2017|Architecture, Central Asia|

Inside the Winter Palace, St. Petersburg (1700s AD) After 1500, architects in Central Asia divided into those who looked west, to Western Europe, for inspiration, those who looked south, to the Safavids and the Mughals, and those who looked east, to the Qing Dynasty in China. In the west, Russian czars and czarinas [...]