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Mexico and colonization – Central American history

By |2018-04-08T21:33:39+00:00September 8th, 2017|Central America, History|

Tenochtitlan under attack (painted in the 1600s) In 1500 AD, the Aztec  controlled most of what is now Mexico. People also called them the Mexica. In 1519, the Aztec ruler, Moctezuma the Younger, was surprised to hear that white men on ships had shown up out of nowhere. Moctezuma invited the strangers to his capital city, [...]

Comanche history – Native Americans

By |2018-04-24T10:40:21+00:00August 12th, 2017|History, Native American|

Comanche women (1800s) From Shoshone to Comanche Pueblo people captured Spanish horses in the Pueblo Revolt of 1680 AD, and they sold some of those horses to the Shoshone, in what is now Wyoming. The Shoshone who had horses split off from the other Shoshone. They called themselves the Nermernuh, but their Ute neighbors called them the Comanche. [...]

The Apache get horses – American history

By |2018-09-13T13:33:31+00:00August 12th, 2017|History, Native American|

The Apache get horses: an Apache rock painting, ca. 1800 AD Who were the Apache? Like their Navajo cousins, the Apache people were Athabascan. They moved south into the south-west part of North America from their home in Canada about 1400 AD. So when the Spanish invaders came in the 1500s, the Apache hadn't been in the Southwest [...]

Apache history – Native Americans

By |2018-04-07T17:05:32+00:00August 8th, 2017|History, Native American|

West Texas Sometime around 1300 AD, some of the Athabascans, the ancestors of the Apache and Navajo people, left their homes in what is now western Canada and slowly travelled south to what is now Arizona, New Mexico, and western Texas. This may have been because of the climate change known as the Little Ice Age. The Navajo people [...]

Where does cotton come from? South America

By |2018-04-18T19:35:06+00:00June 8th, 2017|Clothing, South America|

A cotton and alpaca wool cloth from Peru, about 200 AD (in the Brooklyn Museum) South America  was the first place in the world where people grew cotton to make clothing. Norte Chico people in northern Peru spun cotton into thread and wove it into cloth around 4000-3000 BC. By 1000 BC cotton cloth, and mixed cotton/alpaca cloth [...]

Sharecroppers and cotton – American History

By |2018-04-18T18:43:37+00:00June 8th, 2017|Clothing, North America|

Sharecroppers and cotton: Cotton pickers in the 1800s AD Slavery and the cotton gin The invention of the cotton gin in 1793 AD made it possible for enslaved people to produce cotton cheaply enough so cotton was now the cheapest kind of cloth. Tens of thousands of black people worked hard as slaves [...]