Temples

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Ancient history timeline: 10,000-4000 BC – the Stone Age

By | 2018-04-19T15:03:06+00:00 September 10th, 2017|History, West Asia, When|

Ancient history timeline: Building at Gobekli Tepe in what is now  Turkey (ca. 9000 BC) Beginning of farming Around 10,000 BC, with the end of the last major Ice Age, people all over the world - not everyone, but a lot of people - began to shift from fishing and hunting and gathering to farming as their main way of getting food. Farming [...]

Aztec gods and rituals – Central American religion

By | 2017-09-09T23:48:53+00:00 September 9th, 2017|Central America, Religion|

The Aztec god of seeds, Xipe Totec (ca 1500 AD) Aztec people, like the people of China, India, or Africa at this time, were polytheistic - they had many gods. Many of these gods were parts of nature. Coatlicue was the god of creation. Xipe Totec was the seeds to be planted, that would grow into food (like Persephone for the Greeks). Tlaloc [...]

Who were the Zapotec? Central American history

By | 2018-04-12T08:53:16+00:00 September 9th, 2017|Central America, History|

A Zapotec head The Zapotec civilization, like the Maya, grew up in the region that had been ruled by the Olmec, after the collapse of Olmec power about 500 BC. The main city of the Zapotec kings was Monte Alban (in modern Mexico). The Zapotec developed their own hieroglyphic writing system, possibly building on earlier Olmec [...]

Who were the Maya? Central American history

By | 2018-04-12T08:53:13+00:00 September 9th, 2017|Central America, History|

Maya royal palace at Palenque, Chiapas, Mexico (600s-700s AD) When the Olmec rulers began to lose control of their country about 600 BC, new leaders came forward and took over ruling in Central America (modern Guatemala). These were the Maya. Archaeologists divide Maya history into four time periods, the Pre-Classic, the Classic, and the Post-Classic. The [...]

History of iron and blacksmithing – from iron to steel

By | 2018-04-07T17:04:34+00:00 September 7th, 2017|Science, West Asia|

History of iron: a Greek black-figure vase showing a blacksmith at work (Athens, about 550 BC) Why do people use iron? The history of iron doesn't start until much later than bronze. Iron is harder to form into metal than copper or bronze, because it needs a much hotter fire and a more complicated process. But if [...]

Mississippi People – Native Americans

By | 2018-04-07T17:05:36+00:00 August 9th, 2017|History, Native American|

A Mississippian warrior About 800 AD, the old Hopewell people seem to have developed what we call the Mississippian culture. People living near the Mississippi river got new kinds of corn about this time. Now, instead of just building burial mounds, people built mounds with flat tops and built buildings on top of the mounds, like a Mayan temple. Some [...]

Medieval Indian architecture

By | 2017-07-19T16:29:32+00:00 July 19th, 2017|Architecture, India|

Osian Sun temple, 700s AD By the 700s AD, after the collapse of the Guptan Empire, there were two different styles of temple-building in India, a north Indian style and a south Indian style. This temple from Osian shows the north Indian style. It has a high tower called a shikhara, and an open porch [...]

Mauryan architecture – India

By | 2018-04-12T00:07:55+00:00 July 19th, 2017|Architecture, India|

Sanchi stupa, 250 BC When people in India began to follow the Buddhist religion, they needed new kinds of buildings that reflected Buddhist ideas. The earliest Buddhist building in India that we still have today is Sanchi, in central India. About 250 BC, the Mauryan emperor Asoka built a stupa there to keep some relics of the Buddha safe, the same [...]

Indian architecture – Ancient India – History of Architecture

By | 2018-04-18T23:55:58+00:00 July 19th, 2017|Architecture, India|

Early Indian architecture: Rock-cut temples at Ajanta, India The Stone Age and the Bronze Age The earliest buildings anyone knows of from India are from Mehrgahr, from about 7000 BC. But the first real stone architecture dates to about 2500 BC, in the Harappan period in northern India (modern Pakistan). The Harappans built big cities, with walls around them [...]

What is a pediment? Greek architecture

By | 2017-07-29T09:59:18+00:00 July 2nd, 2017|Architecture, Greeks|

The pediment is the triangular place under the roof of a Greek temple. Each temple has two pediments, one on the front and one on the back. They're always isosceles triangles. At first pediments were probably plain, but soon the Greeks began to decorate pediments with stone sculpture. One of the earliest pediments, on the [...]