Spain

Home » Spain » Page 2

Spain loses her colonies – 1800s

By |2018-04-28T17:48:29-07:00August 6th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Maria Christina Spain was among the first Western countries to get colonies in the 1500s, and it was among the first to lose its colonies in the 1800s. In 1810, Chile declared independence. Then in 1821, Mexico and Peru became independent too. At the same time, Spain began to rock back and forth between democracy and [...]

Renaissance Europe – Charles V

By |2019-03-13T16:15:54-07:00August 6th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Charles Quint (by Titian, 1548) The Ottomans terrify Europe The biggest worry that people had in the early 1500s AD in Europe was that the Ottoman Empire was going to conquer Europe. Would Europe be ruled by Islamic rulers? Who was before Charles V? Who were the Ottomans though? All our Modern Europe articles And in fact the [...]

King Louis XIV – history of France

By |2019-03-26T06:33:31-07:00August 5th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

King Louis XIV of France Louis XIV becomes king of France When Anne of Austria decided to retire, in 1661 AD, her son Louis XIV took over ruling France. Anne of Austria All our Modern Europe articles Louis was 23 years old when he took power. Like his mother, Louis was most interested in getting more [...]

Anarchists, Franco and modern Spain

By |2019-01-25T05:47:02-07:00August 5th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Anarchist militia (Barcelona, 1936) Spain after World War I Just as with the Napoleonic Wars, World War I left Spain with the difficult problem of having close relationships with countries on both sides of the war: King Alfonso III was descended from French kings, but Spain had a long tradition of being allied with Austria/Germany too. [...]

Enlightenment in Spain – 1700s

By |2018-04-28T17:46:56-07:00August 5th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Barbara of Portugal, Queen of Spain Elizabeth Farnese kept power in Spain until the death of her husband Philip in 1746 AD, but when Philip died power passed from Elizabeth to her step-son Ferdinand VI's wife Barbara. Ferdinand and Barbara stayed neutral between France and Britain. They refused to get involved. Like the advisers of Louis XV at the same [...]

Early Modern Spain – Philip II

By |2019-04-04T12:37:14-07:00August 5th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Philip II of Spain Philip II of Spain As the great-grandson of Isabella, who had sent Columbus to America, and the son of Isabella of Portugal, Philip II ruled Spain starting in 1556 AD. Isabella and Ferdinand Isabella of Portugal All our modern Europe articles Philip also controlled huge Spanish territories in South and [...]

Austria-Hungary – Charles V to Ferdinand

By |2018-09-17T08:34:22-07:00August 5th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|

Joanna of Castile, daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain - the mother of Charles V Maximilian I and the Hapsburgs Maximilian I of the powerful Hapsburg family decided not to bother with the Pope's approval to be Holy Roman Emperor in 1508 AD. He thought the Hapsburgs were powerful enough to stand on their own. [...]

Who was Velazquez? Spanish art history

By |2017-08-04T15:58:00-07:00August 4th, 2017|Art, Modern Europe|

Velazquez (self-portrait), ca. 1650 AD, when he was about fifty years old. Diego Velazquez was one of the best artists of the generation after Rubens. He was born in 1599, in Seville, in southern Spain. He may have been descended from Spanish Jews who had been forced to convert to Catholicism a hundred years earlier. Young [...]

The Reconquista – Medieval Spain

By |2018-04-12T00:08:05-07:00August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Roland blows his horn for help and tries to break his sword on a rock (Chartres Cathedral) As soon as the Moors had conquered Spain in 711 AD, the descendants of the Visigoths and the Romans joined forces to try to get the Moors out of Spain again. These Spanish people gradually conquered more and more of Spain, beginning [...]

Capetians – French History – Middle Ages

By |2019-02-27T06:29:13-07:00August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Monogram of Hugh Capet (980s AD) Who was Hugh Capet? When the Carolingians died out in 987 AD, the lords of France met to choose a new king. They chose a man named Hugh Capet (hyoo ka-PAY). Hugh Capet was picked for being weak, so the lords could do whatever they wanted and the king wouldn't be [...]