Seljuks

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Fifth Crusade – Medieval history

By | 2017-08-03T11:29:17+00:00 August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

The siege of Damietta In 1216 AD, Pope Honorius III succeeded in getting some more Europeans to agree to try again to conquer Jerusalem from the Ayyubids. This time, the Pope would be in charge instead of European kings. Frederick II of the Holy Roman Empire wanted to come along, but the Pope said no, this crusade was for the [...]

High Middle Ages – European history

By | 2018-04-12T00:08:13+00:00 August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval|

Devils torture the damned in Hell (Abbey of Moissac, about 1050 AD) The Seljuks destabilize Europe's neighbors In 1071 AD, the Byzantine Empire lost most of Anatolia (modern Turkey) to the Seljuk Turks at the Battle of Manzikert. About the same time, the Abbasids lost control of pieces of the Islamic Empire as well. The Seljuks took over the East, and [...]

Second Crusade – Medieval history

By | 2018-04-12T00:08:07+00:00 August 3rd, 2017|History, Medieval, West Asia|

Castle of Edessa After the First Crusade in 1096 AD set up Christian kingdoms all along the coast of Israel and Lebanon, of course the Fatimid caliphs who had ruled that area before were very upset. Melisende and her son Baldwin By 1144, a Mamluk general, Imad-ed-din Zangi, had managed to unite enough Turks and Arabs in his army to attack [...]

Vikings – Early Medieval Scandinavia

By | 2018-04-24T08:19:15+00:00 August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

A Viking ship. Viking trade took the Vikings all over the world.  Who were the Vikings? The Vikings were Indo-European people from Scandinavia (modern Denmark, Norway and Sweden). Around the 400s AD the Vikings started to make frequent raids by boat into Europe. They even went into the Mediterranean Sea and raided Sicily and southern Italy. The Vikings started to attack the Atlantic coast [...]

Zoe and Theodora – Byzantine History

By | 2017-08-02T12:43:56+00:00 August 2nd, 2017|History, Medieval|

The Empress Zoe (from the church of Hagia Irene) Although he lived a long time and ruled nearly fifty years, Basil II never had any sons. When he died in 1025, his brother Constantine VIII succeeded. He, too, had no sons, so he left the throne to his fifty-year-old daughter Zoe and her husband Romanus III. [...]

Comneni Dynasty – Byzantine history

By | 2018-04-12T00:08:00+00:00 August 1st, 2017|History, Medieval|

Alexios I Comneni, the Byzantine emperor (1081 AD) TheBattle of Manzikert in 1071 was the end of Basil's Armenian Dynasty. The Byzantines had lost Armenia to Alp Arslan and the Seljuk Turks, and Alp Arslan took the Roman Emperor prisoner. So a new dynasty took over the Byzantine Empire, the Comneni. Alexios Comneni succeeded in reconquering part [...]

Heian period – Early Medieval Japan

By | 2018-04-18T09:53:54+00:00 July 27th, 2017|History, Japan|

Godai Kokuzo Bodhisattva (Jingo-ji Temple, Kyoto), ca. 800-900 AD After Empress Koken died in 770 AD, there was a major change in how Japan's government worked. The powerful families got more power, the same way they did in China about this time. Women were shut out of power. The next emperor, Konin, was an old man (62 years [...]

al Nafis – Discoveries of Islamic scientists

By | 2017-07-27T08:02:08+00:00 July 27th, 2017|Islam, Science|

Illustration in Ibn al Nafis Ibn al Nafis was born in Syria in the early 1200s AD, just as the power of the Seljuks was collapsing. He studied medicine in Damascus (in Syria) at first, but then moved to Cairo, in Mamluk Egypt, to work with the best doctors of his time (and maybe to escape the Mongol [...]

Ottoman Turks – Medieval Islamic history

By | 2017-07-25T10:41:41+00:00 July 25th, 2017|History, Islam|

Sultan Mehmed II (by the Venetian painter Gentile Bellini, 1479 AD) After the old Seljuk kingdom in Anatolia (Turkey) fell apart, one of these Seljuks, a man named Osman, started in 1299 AD to build a new kingdom - the Ottoman Empire. At this time, the Byzantine Empire was very weak from the Fourth Crusade. In 1347 AD, the Black Death weakened the [...]

Seljuk Dynasty – Medieval Islamic history

By | 2017-07-25T09:04:58+00:00 July 25th, 2017|History, Islam|

The Seljuks defeat the Persians (1040 AD) The Seljuks were Turkic nomads from Turkmenistan. They were related to the Uighurs. They entered the Abbasid empire around 950 AD and gradually converted to Sunni Islam. By 1030 AD the Seljuks were beginning to try to get power for themselves. They soon conquered the Ghaznavids (who were also Turkic) and controlled most of Iran. The [...]