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Thomas Paine – American Philosophy

By | 2017-08-14T13:00:34+00:00 August 14th, 2017|North America, Philosophy|

Thomas Paine (by Matthew Pratt, about 1790) In the late 1700s AD, around the same time that Voltaire, du Chatelet, and Rousseau were writing philosophy in France, and Hume was writing in England, Thomas Paine was writing philosophy in America. Paine was born in England, and his father was a Quaker, and owned a small business. Young Paine didn't go to [...]

Mary Wollstonecraft – European philosophy

By | 2017-08-07T09:14:19+00:00 August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Mary Wollstonecraft - European philosophy Mary Wollstonecraft was the most famous woman among the Enlightenment philosophers of the 1700s AD. Like Damaris Masham and Mary Astell in the 1600s, Wollstonecraft mainly argued that men should not prevent women from getting a good education. You think this is obvious? But Rousseau, just a few years earlier, had argued that men should [...]

Voltaire – European philosopher

By | 2017-08-07T09:08:41+00:00 August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Voltaire - a French philosopher Voltaire took ideas about religion, science, and human rights that were just getting started in the 1700s AD, and encouraged new ways of thinking about them. His ideas paved the way for the American Revolutionary War and the French Revolution, though he died just before the French Revolution. Voltaire was [...]

Jean-Jacques Rousseau – European philosophy

By | 2017-08-07T08:45:23+00:00 August 7th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Jean-Jacques Rousseau, a European philosopher Rousseau was born in 1712 AD into a Protestant family living in Geneva, and his mother died of an infection she caught while he was being born. Like the earlier philosopher Astell, Jean-Jacques Rousseau's family was not rich, and like her Rousseau didn't get to go to school much. At 13 his uncle [...]

Karl Marx – European philosophy

By | 2017-08-07T08:38:59+00:00 August 7th, 2017|Economy, Modern Europe, Philosophy|

Karl Marx, a European philosopher and economist The famous German philosopher Hegel died when Karl Marx was 13 years old. Marx must have heard a lot about Hegel when he was in school in Germany. Hegel's ideas about a dialectic or conversation between opposites which led to a sort of compromise or truth inspired Marx [...]

David Hume – European philosophy

By | 2017-08-06T20:53:49+00:00 August 6th, 2017|Modern Europe, Philosophy|

David Hume, the European philosopher Soon after Hobbes and Locke died, starting in 1739 AD, David Hume published more important books about philosophy. Hume disagreed with Descartes' idea that people did what their reason or logic told them was best. Hume thought people were more likely to just do what they wanted, even if they knew it was wrong [...]