Phoenicians

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West Asian science – Mesopotamia and Iran

By |2018-04-07T17:05:01+00:00September 15th, 2017|Science, West Asia|

The constellation Orion From the Stone Age through the Islamic empires, great scientific discoveries have streamed out of West Asia. West Asia is one of the places where farming got started, and maybe the sailboat. The Sumerians developed the world's earliest system of writing, including the first way to write down numbers. They invented the wheel, using it as a pottery [...]

Monotheism and polytheism – West Asian religion

By |2018-09-23T06:26:07+00:00September 15th, 2017|Religion, West Asia|

The Mesopotamian goddess Ishtar or Inanna What is polytheism? The earliest people in West Asia were all polytheistic: they all worshipped many gods. From 3000 BC to 539 BC, the Sumerians, the Akkadians, the Assyrians and the Babylonians all worshipped pretty much the same set of gods, despite their cultural differences. The most important of these gods was Ea. Ishtar was the most important [...]

Ba’al – the Levant – West Asian gods

By |2018-04-09T23:07:33+00:00September 15th, 2017|Religion, West Asia|

Ba'al from Ugarit (Louvre Museum, Paris) All along the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, in what's now Lebanon, Syria, and Israel, and down into the Arabian Peninsula, there was (and still is) a feeling that it's wrong to say the name of your god aloud. Instead, people called their god "Lord". Baal is the Semitic word [...]

Who were the Phoenicians? West Asian history

By |2018-04-16T14:36:44+00:00September 14th, 2017|History, West Asia|

The Phoenicians: Phoenician glass - a face pendant of an African man. 400-200 BC Phoenicians in the Late Bronze Age Sometime in the Late Bronze Age, around 1300 BC, a group of Semitic people living on the Mediterranean coast in modern Lebanon became more important than they had been before. These people, who had been called Canaanites, [...]

Who were the Persians? Persian Empire – Iran – history

By |2018-10-30T07:40:22+00:00September 14th, 2017|History, West Asia, Where|

The Persians came from the Central Asian steppe The Persians and the Medes Around 1200 BC, some Indo-European people from Central Asia moved south into West Asia. These people were the Persians and the Medes. Who were the Indo-Europeans? More Central Asia articles More West Asia (Middle East) articles Nomads and cattle-herders in Central Asia The Persians [...]

The Mediterranean and West Asia

By |2018-04-25T23:50:37+00:00September 14th, 2017|West Asia|

Map of West Asia One common theme in the history of West Asia has been the conflict between land-oriented people and sea-oriented people. Often there is a group of people living in West Asia who are mostly land-oriented. These people don't sail boats much, or swim. They think of their kingdom as covering a certain piece of [...]

The Jews and the Levant – West Asian history

By |2018-04-25T23:49:08+00:00September 14th, 2017|History, West Asia|

Tel Kabri, a Canaanite palace ca. 1600 BC By the end of the Stone Age, the people who would eventually become known as the Hebrews, and then the Jews, were mostly settled down in villages, farming, though some of them may have been nomadic shepherds like Abraham and Isaac in the Bible. During the Bronze Age, the people living in Israel, [...]

West Asian history – The Levant, Mesopotamia, and Iran

By |2018-04-25T23:50:36+00:00September 14th, 2017|History, West Asia|

Map of West Asia People also call West Asia the Near East or the Middle East. It is the part of Asia that is closest to the Mediterranean Sea. West Asia covers all the land between Russia in the north, Afghanistan in the east, the Persian Gulf in the south, and the Mediterranean Sea in the west. The Levant is the [...]

Iron Age economy in West Asia – the Phoenicians

By |2018-04-25T23:34:29+00:00September 12th, 2017|Economy, West Asia|

Iron Age economy: Phoenician glass - a face pendant of an African man. 400-200 BC Traders in the Mediterranean The rise of the Assyrian empire (in modern Iraq) and of the Phoenicians (in modern Lebanon) about 900 BC created a new economic boom in West Asia. The Phoenicians traded all over the Mediterranean Sea in ships, and established trading posts [...]

Phoenician art – West Asia

By |2018-04-25T23:24:29+00:00September 11th, 2017|Art, West Asia|

Core-formed Phoenician glass bottle (400s BC) The Phoenicians, from as early as 1500 BC, were mainly known for producing glass bottles and jars, especially for perfume. The Phoenicians sold these jars to Egypt and to the Assyrians. After the Dark Age they began to sell their jars (and the perfume) to the Greeks too. The rise of the Silk Road in the last centuries [...]