Philip IV

Home/Tag: Philip IV
4 08, 2017

Thirty Years’ War – Wars of religion

By |2018-04-08T11:14:17-07:00August 4th, 2017|History, Modern Europe|0 Comments

Protestants throw Catholic officials out the window (Prague, 1618 AD) In the late 1500s AD, the Holy Roman Emperors were too weak to hold their empire together as one country. Instead, the Holy Roman Empire was divided into many little tiny countries. Some of these countries were Catholic. Some of them were Protestant. In 1618 [...]

4 08, 2017

Who was Velazquez? Spanish art history

By |2017-08-04T15:58:00-07:00August 4th, 2017|Art, Modern Europe|0 Comments

Velazquez (self-portrait), ca. 1650 AD, when he was about fifty years old. Diego Velazquez was one of the best artists of the generation after Rubens. He was born in 1599, in Seville, in southern Spain. He may have been descended from Spanish Jews who had been forced to convert to Catholicism a hundred years earlier. Young [...]

4 08, 2017

Peter Paul Rubens – European art history

By |2017-08-04T15:40:52-07:00August 4th, 2017|Art, Modern Europe|0 Comments

Rubens (self-portrait), 1620 AD Peter Paul Rubens was born in Germany in 1577. At that time, the Holy Roman Emperors were weak and there were a bunch of civil wars going on. His father, who was a lawyer, was also a Calvinist - a Protestant. The family fled to Cologne before Rubens was born, because of fighting between [...]

30 07, 2017

Conciergerie – Paris, France

By |2019-03-26T06:43:44-07:00July 30th, 2017|Architecture, Medieval|0 Comments

Conciergerie: the king's castle in Paris (parts of it from the 1300 AD) What is the Conciergerie? The Conciergerie was the castle where the kings and queens of France lived when they were in Paris. (But it wasn't called that in the Middle Ages.) More about castles The rulers of France Medieval architecture All our [...]