Mughal Empire

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Ottoman Empire in the 1700s

By |2018-09-14T12:20:31+00:00September 11th, 2017|History, West Asia|

Enderun Library, Topkapi Palace (Istanbul, 1719) Rabia rules the Ottoman Empire By 1703 AD, people were unhappy enough with Feyzullah Efendi that the Sultan killed him. Wait, who's Feyzullah Efendi? (Ottomans in the 1600s) Rabia's war with Russia The Sultan's mother, Rabia Gulnus, took charge of the government. Rabia's main worry was Peter the [...]

Nader Shah – history of Iran – the 1700s

By |2018-04-25T23:04:48+00:00September 11th, 2017|History, West Asia|

Nader Shah (Iran, 1736-1747) In 1736 AD, Nader Shah overthrew the last Safavid shah and established the country of Iran, with himself as the Shah (king) of Iran. Like Genghis Khan, Nader Shah was from a Turkish family. Apparently he and his mother were captured as slaves by the Uzbeks when he was a child. Like Genghis Khan, Nader Shah [...]

Mongols invade India – history of India

By |2018-04-18T23:56:00+00:00July 20th, 2017|History, India|

Mongke Khan Starting in the 400s AD, Turkic and Mongol people had been expanding out of the northern part of Central Asia. They spread all over Europe and Asia. The Huns came first, then the Avars, the Ghaznavids, and the Seljuks. About 1000 AD, the Turkish Ghaznavids invaded northern India from what is now Afghanistan. India was so rich that the Ghaznavids [...]

Religion in the Mughal Empire

By |2017-09-25T12:36:32+00:00July 19th, 2017|India, Religion|

Taj Mahal In the 1500s and 1600s AD, many Europeans and West Asians tried to force other people to believe in their religion and their God. In the Americas, the Spanish forced millions of Aztec, Maya, and Quechua people to become Christians. European wars erupted between Catholics and Protestants. In West Asia, the [...]

After the Mughals – history of India

By |2017-07-19T11:05:42+00:00July 19th, 2017|History, India|

Nader Shah The decline of the Mughal empire in the early 1700s resulted in India splitting up into a lot of smaller countries. In the north, Afghanistan tried to set itself up as an independent country. But then Nader Shah of Iran conquered all the way to Delhi in 1738 and, although he retreated from there, he took over [...]

The end of the Mughal Empire in India

By |2018-04-23T14:32:03+00:00July 19th, 2017|History, India|

Taj Mahal, the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal When the Mughal emperor Jahangir died in 1627, his third son, Shah Jahan, became the new emperor. He immediately imprisoned his stepmother Nur Jahan so he could rule himself. Shah Jahan married Nur Jahan's niece, Mumtaz Mahal. Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal were very close. She had fourteen children, but [...]

Who were the Mughals? The Mughal Empire – History of India

By |2018-01-08T22:51:50+00:00July 19th, 2017|History, India, Where|

Mughal Empire - Babur, first Mughal ruler Timur's descendants: the Mughal Empire Timur's empire collapsed when he died in 1405 AD. Then the Mongols lost control of India for a while. Local Muslim leaders formed small states in northern India. But a generation later, Mongol leaders invaded India again and forced the Indians into a new empire, the Mughal Empire. [...]

Deccan kingdoms in India

By |2018-04-23T15:00:52+00:00July 19th, 2017|History, India|

Deccan kingdoms: Krishna Deva Raya (possibly), ca. 1500 AD In 1498 AD, when Vasco da Gama first sailed to Calicut in south India, most of South India was part of the Vijayanagara Empire, which was very strong and still growing fast. Further north, the weakness of the Muslim rulers of North India allowed Central India to break free in [...]

The Silk Road to the Great Game – Central Asian History

By |2017-05-30T17:31:17+00:00May 30th, 2017|Central Asia, History|

A melon stall in Central Asia After Tamerlane died in 1405, his Altaic people kept on ruling Central Asia, but not as one big empire. There were lots of little countries all across Central Asia. These countries did well at first, but the collapse of the Mongol Empire soon brought sad changes to [...]